Mysticism : Earth was populated before ‘Adam'

Earth was populated before ‘Adam': creational metaphysics is beyond limits of horizontal quest of science

Author: Dr. P.R.Palodhi

By Dr. P. R. Palodhi

‘Behold thy Lord said to the Angels; "I will create a vice gerent on earth." They said: "wilt Thou place therein one who will make mischief there in and shed blood? – whilst we do celebrate Thy praises and glorify Thy Holy Name?" ‘God said: "I know what ye know not." ‘And He taught Adam the nature of all things' (Qur'an, 2: 30-31).

Above verse in Qur'an clearly points to that: before Adam's arrival, the Angels were quite aware of a population which already lived upon earth by making mischief and blood shed. Bible specifically brings to our notice that there have been pre-Adamic and co-Adamic races on earth when it informs about Anakim and Nephilim etc who even have interbred with the Adamic race. And Qur'an ratifies this by revealing that this earth is inhabited by ‘Mankind' that includes both the people of Jinn kind and people of humankind (people from Jinns an people from humans - Q, 72:6) -- after God allowed Jinn tribes of Iblis to live for a period by mutually sharing of wealth and children with Adamites (see: Qur'an, 17:64)

As we turn to Bible (OT) records: events which precede the creation of man (namely, the first five days of creation; man was created on the sixth day). With regard to Adam's creation (Gen.2: 7-8) it mentions about creation of man from ‘dust of the ground', ‘breathing into nostrils', and ‘the planting of the Garden Eden' in this earth; all these are meant for only Adam and not for pre-Adamites. English Bible is written such a way that it appears that the man was called Man or Adam because both were formed from the ingredients of ground earth (ha-‘Adamah in Heb). This view of the word implies that it was originally not a proper name; a closer examination of the narrative will show that the word is primarily used in a generic sense, and not as the name of an individual. In Gen. 1 (27) use of the word ‘man' and male female is wholly generic; the first conceivable sense of ‘Adam as person' appears in Gen.2 (7-8). In Gen.2, and 3, the writer weaves together the generic and the personal senses of the word. Thereby it pertains to the first man as the passive subject of creative and the providential action is exclusively generic. It is not clear in Bible whether it used "Adam" as a proper name at all before Gen, 4: 25 (J) and Gen, 5: 3 (P). Here the same usage is manifest: for in the two opening verses of Gen, 5, the word is used generically. It may also be observed that the writer in Gen. 2, 3 always says "the man" instead of "Adam," even when the personal reference is intended, except after a preposition, where, however, a vowel has probably been dropped from the text. Adam is not referred to in the later Old Testament books which came via decision of the Council, except in the genealogy of I Chron. J. F. McC.

Removing the accrued confusions God revealed in Qur'an that Adam was created at last from ‘clay', but there were Jinns who had been created from ‘fire'. It implies that before the receptacle for ‘Soul' was made up of ‘fire' in case of pre-human Jinns; afterwards it was changed into ‘clay' which limited the capacity of exerting the self-will like fiery Jinns. As regard mental faculty, God bestowed upon Adam a special knowledge which pre-human Jinns lacked. Pre-human Jinns had experience of living countless more aeons than Adam and the humans (compare Gen.1:27-28 and Gen. 2:7), hence were quite familiar with the art of living upon the earth. They lived with the knowledge of heaven and earth; they with habits of stealing heaven's secret they knew few mysteries of the stars (as reflected in their astrology); they knew how to make use of plants, water and mineral sources etc to cure themselves from various illnesses – and many more such ways of the ancient world. But Qur'an (Surah Al-Jinn) revealed that these pre-human Jinns mostly turned to Satan's way of denying God. They lacked the natural ability for the ‘reason' conversant with sensuality, passions and daily needs like that of and earthy body of humans; they possessed 'wild imaginations' but not the knowledge based upon 'proof'; thus they failed in reflecting to the Creator God's omnipotence in programming of ultra-structural facets with definite subjective and objective purposes. Hence, God created humans after Adam by adding a special pristine intellect that has potentiality to gravitate towards the knowledge of the pre-mental realities and the ‘requirement of causality'.

Vast antiquity of mankind has regularly been mentioned in Indian, Greek and Roman literatures, as do the claims that the world and mankind have always existed. The first known debate about human antiquity took place in 170 AD between Theophilus of Antioch and an Egyptian pagan Apollonius, who argued that the world was 153,075 years old. The most serious early challenge to Biblical Adamism came from the Roman Emperor Julian the Apostate who, upon his rejection of Christianity and his conversion to Theurgy, a late form of Neoplatonism, accepted the idea that many pairs of original people had been created, a belief termed Co-Adamism or multiple-Adamism. Genesis 1:27-28 might allow for co-creation of multiple pairs, if the word ‘them' were construed accordingly: ‘So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. And God blessed them, and God said to them, "Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth and subdue it;..." In addition, if a framework of strictly sequential chronology were adopted in interpreting the order of these texts from the ancient Middle East, it might be argued that Adam, and therefore Eve, in terms of God's time are created a little later (Gen. 2:7) than the type of man created in Genesis 1:27-28.

As regard the question of Pre-Adamites existence, in 1555 Isaac de La Peyrère, a Calvinist of a noble family of Bordeaux and a follower of the Prince of Condé, published in close succession two works: "Præadamitæ, seu Exercitationes super versibus 12, 13, et 14 ep. Pauli ad Romanos" and "Systema theologicum ex Præadamitarum hypothesi. Pars prima". He maintained that Adam is not the father of the whole human race, but only of the Chosen People. La Peyrère confirmed his hypothesis by an appeal to other scriptural passages: Cain's fear of being killed (Genesis 4:14), his flight, his marriage, his building of a city (Genesis 4:15, 16), are pointed out as so many indications of the existence of other men than Adam and Eve. The author also claims that ancient Jewish and Mohammedan tradition favours his Pre-Adamite theory. The chosen people spring from Adam and Eve, while the Gentiles are the descendants of ancestors created before Adam. The creation of pre-Adamic races took place on the sixth day, and is related in Genesis 1:26, while Adam was formed after the rest on the seventh day as narrated in Genesis 2:7. But this translated version of Bible has not provided the right message; the esoteric Prophetic transmissions of Hebrews and Muslims inform that Adam was created in the 3rd hour of the sixth day (in terms of God's time), and Eve in the 6th hour. St Augustine's book The City of God contains two chapters indicating a debate between Christians and Pagans over human origins: Book XII, chapter 10 is called "Of the falseness of the history that the world hath continued many thousand years", while that of book XVIII, chapter 40 is "The Egyptians' abominable lyings, to claim their wisdom the age of 100,000 years". As the titles indicate, Augustine clearly believed that Pagan ideas concerning the history and chronology of both the world and the human race were completely absurd and incompatible with the revealed truth that man's existence on the earth was not yet six thousand years old. Augustine's position on this matter was supported by most rabbis and also by the church fathers, who generally dismissed views on the antiquity of the world as myths and fables not requiring any considered refutation [1]. After these publications criticism flared up; but neither the scriptural arguments (based upon unauthentic translated version of Bible) are valid in terms of authentic revealed words, nor are those scientific perceptions that fall short in realizing the difference between the ‘Theories' of science which pass by, and the ‘Facts' which prevail transcending what people guess or believe or say.

Intriguing imports from our remote Pagan ancestors:

In conventional view of science the age of the Earth is 4,500,000,000 (4 1/2 billion) years. And very intriguingly the Pagan traditions all over the world, separated by the time, places, cultures and languages, always have talked about a ‘same time span' of 432,000 years.

Andrew Thomas (‘The Home of the Gods', p. 129) writes:

"In India, the number of years assigned to an eon (A ‘Great Cycle' Mahayuga of cosmic time) is 4,320,000; whereas in Icelandic Poetic Edda it is declared that in Othin's warrior hall, Valhalla, there are 540 doors, through each of which, on the ‘day of the war of the wolf,' 800 battle-ready warriors will pass to engage the antigods in combat. "But 540 X 800 equals: 432,000!"

In ‘Hamlet's Mill' (by Giorgio de Santillana and Hertha von Dechend, Gambit Inc. 1969, p. 162) it states: "Odin in Valhalla says the Grinmnismal (23): ‘Five hundred gates and forty more - are in the mighty building of Valhalla - eight hundred ‘Einherier' come out of each one gate - on the time they go out on defence against the Wolf." It continues with, "That makes 432,000 in all, a number significance from old." "This number must have very ancient meaning, for it is also the number of syllables in the Rigveda. But it goes back to the basic figure 10,800, the number of stanzas in the Rigveda (40 syllables to a stanza) which together with 108 occurs insistently in Indian tradition. 10,800 is also the number which has been given by Heraclitus for the duration of the Aion, according to Censorius (Dedienatali, 18), whereas Berossos made the Babylonian Great Year to last 432,000 years."

Chaldean priest, Berossos, writing in Greek ca. 289 BC, reported that according to Mesopotamian belief 432,000 years elapsed between the crowning of the first earthly king and the coming of the deluge. [The early Sumerian king list names eight kings with a total of 241,200 years from the time when "the kingship was lowered from heaven" to the time when "the Flood swept" over the land once more "the kingship was lowered from heaven" (Thorkild Jacobsen, The Sumerian King List, 1939, pp. 71, 77). It is thus clear that these figures could have arisen independently in India, Iceland, and Babylon. To complete one cycle of the zodiac -- or, as it is called, one ‘Great' or ‘Platonic Year' -- requires 25,920 years; which sum, divided by 60, (One soss, the founding unit of the old Mesopotamia sexagenary scale, still used for the measurement of circles, whether of space or time), yields, once again the number 432.

Our valid probe into the pagan heritage of pre-historic antiquity could begin only from the deciphered texts of ancient Near East. Discernable records of ancient customs and practices are absent before writing was developed around 3000 BC. But traditions of pre-human gods and humans existed for several millennia before 3000 BC in both pre and post Flood worlds. Conventional history traces roots of pre-human and human civilization in Mesopotamia of Euphrates-Tigris valley, Egypt of Nile valley, Indus valley and Hoang-Ho valley from around 6000 BC. Evidence of the written documents started coming only after 2000 BC after Flood, because all those different traditions have especially one common legacy – that each one carries the myths of ‘Noah's Flood'. This indicates that these written archives come from the post-Flood civilizations conveying both concurrent and inherited ancient religions from their ancestors. Linguistic, philological and geopolitical evidences confirm that extant texts of the old world and the excavated archaeological relics are outcomes of prolonged developmental phases evidently following the remotely archaic religious roots. Inklings of antique religions come to us in the fragments of ceremonial documents preserved on stone, clay tablet and papyrus etc written in cuneiform, hieroglyphic; and we know that such pictorial forms were the forerunners of our present form of alphabetic languages. Mythological texts of Near East tell us stories of 4000 years' usurpations of demigod cults via rise and fall of Sumerians, Akkadians, Babylonians, Assyrians, and Ugarits etc. Amidst the variegated mythological constructs, theology in deciphered texts of Mesopotamia and Egypt has exposed two opposite directions – one conspicuously towards extensive polytheism by way of multiplying the concept of God and worshipping local gods, goddesses and cultural heroes very often with borrowed attributes of a Creator God. And the other tacitly goes in the direction of monotheism similar to universally common ‘revealed principles' of our known Abrahamic religions. Reason behind such division is obvious; the knowledge of God is traditionally inherited by both pre-human Jinns and humans since when the earth was of one language and one speech (Gen, 11: 1-8) and God has sent Messengers/Angels also to the pre-human Jinns (Q, 6:130) – but some accepted God, and others rejected and turned to Paganism.    

After deciphering the Babylonian texts we find that: under the tutelage of Sumerians people in Mesopotamia were answering to the Anunnaki (and Bible corroborated it as Anakim). Sumerian and Egyptian texts dating from 2000 BC tell us the stories of pre-human gods of remote past; we hear that ‘Enki' establishing himself in ancient Sumeria as the "lord (en) of the earth (ki)", keeper of the divine power "Me", as the gift for civilization. A composition called ‘Enki and world order' has described how water god Enki moves around organizing the world.

Gradually innumerable pagan gods and goddesses are found to overwhelm the ancient civilizations. A distinct tradition of polytheism began to emerge with abundant stone idols to be worshiped in specially constructed temples where access was limited to distinguished class of priests only who could serve the needs of gods and goddesses. Enki's youngest son, Ningizzida, was Lord of the ‘Tree of Truth', in Mesopotamia. He played the role of Thoth in Egypt. The ancient Mystery School Teachings of Thoth were past down to his initiates who became the priests. They hid the secret knowledge of creation, passing it down through the ages until the experiment was to end. The aspect of Anubis (Anpu) connected with the wisdom of the underworld, particularly in regard to its Mysteries, hence very little is known of this phase except what is mentioned mainly by Plutarch and Apuleius. In this aspect Anubis was ‘the revealer of the mysteries of the lower world'. The most ancient language in the world was known to all initiates from Atlantis to Maya to Egypt, India and China. Notable protagonist of Pagan religion H.P. Blavatsky says it is the language in which the oldest book in the world was written and the tongue whence she translated the many volumes of Kiu-Ti and The Stanzas of Dyzan. They believe that universal script might have been brought from Venus by the ‘Kumaras.' It embodied in its characters the original circle, triangle, cross, tau, pentagram, swastika, etc. Researchers now have discovered many of the Pagan pillars called ‘Runic stones' Modern linguists think that Runes posses another kind of meaning, which we cannot find in ideograms, hieroglyphs or in modern exotic alphabets – this meaning exists in sub-consciousness level.


[A Younger Futhark inscription on the 12th century Vaksala Runestone inSweden]

Runes were the personification of the surrounding world, essence of outlook. With the help of special links between Runes a man could express nearly everything, compiling them (so called combined Runes). In different times Runes could change their meaning, so we can say this adjusting system created dozens of meanings of one and the same symbol. (Linguists find confirmation of this theory in the following example – every Rune in different languages had separate and original meaning, which didn't fully coincide with another one in the second language. Some scholars have cautioned that the Akashic* records are kept in the astral by chief Anunnaki agents, who often modify, re-write and tamper with them to suit their purposes. The Anunnaki Elites have repeatedly re-started the illusion of time from the Earth by using the atu-waa. When the illusion of time is re-started, many things are affected. These include loss of memory of the past in the physical realms as well as in the astral realms. Therefore, there are no perfect records left (except Qur'an, which God Himself protects) after each re-start of the illusion of time. Many people who have stumbled upon the Akashic records have been fooled by the Anunnaki deceptions. [*Akasha: The fifth element, is represented on a pentagram by the topmost point. Spirit, and spiritual power, this is the energy which forms the other four elements. Akasha can be thought of as that which everything else is part of - the Lord and Lady, spiritual energy, physical objects, human souls - everything is connected through Akasha.]

‘And to how many populations did I give respites, which were given to wrong-doing? In the end I punish them. To Me is the destination of all.' (Qur'an, 22: 48)


Extinct pre-historic skulls (Photo source: puppstheories.com)

Earth age and evolution:

The subject of antiquity of pre-humans and humans demands our reflection into conventional views of ‘earth age' and the ‘theories of evolution'. As we turn to age of this earth, it is primarily derived from two dating techniques: radiometric dating and the geological timescale. Creationists who advocate the younger age of about 6000 years insist that radiometric dating is flawed in that it is founded upon a series of faulty assumptions, while the geological timescale is flawed in that it employs circular reasoning. But Creationists need to consider the multitudes of cases in which different radiometric methods yield essentially the same answer for the same material. In fact, we can't find any naturally-occurring isotopes with half-lives of less than 70 million years or so, unless they are products of on-going processes, like carbon14. We only find the very slowly-decaying isotopes, those with half-lives much longer than 70 million years. This is exactly what we would expect of an earth that is billions of years old. Creationists make much ado about "there being not enough helium in the atmosphere" for the earth to be billions of years old, but helium balance is now realized as far more complicated where factors such as geomagnetic "sweeping" of helium at the earth's poles must be considered. However, flaws in radiometric and geological dating do not mean that younger age theory based upon 24 hours a God's day has any validity either. Biblical sectarianism remains bigot in claiming that every word of Bible is from God without even knowing who wrote Yahvist and Elohist texts with many inconsistencies. Qur'an has clearly pointed that God's day is different from ‘day of man' based upon sun – hence in Genesis we find that God's day began long before the creation of sun in 4th day.

Proposed theories of ‘creationism' are not truly Biblical just as theories of ‘evolutionists' are not truly scientific. Until 19th century in the west, Christian theology formed the basis of theory of Creationism which relied upon the claims based upon their-like interpretation of Bible:

(1) World is of short duration (at the most 5757 years old).

(2) World is fixed and not changing.

(3) Created species are constant, and do not evolve into other species.

(4) Perfect world is explicable only by omnipotent and beneficent Creator.

(5) Creation of man was special and apart from other created things.

This was the view held in the west until 1859 when the modern theory of Evolution was introduced by Charles Darwin, in his work, titled ‘On the origin of Species'. This theory claimed:

(1) Creation has taken place on earth not by any design of the supraliminal Intelligence of  God.

(2) It is driven by natural selection and chance happening (mutation). 

How did he arrive at these two components of evolution? Darwin decided at the age of twenty that the Bible was a fraud. He claimed he felt no distress and never doubted for a single second that his conclusion was correct [2]. In a disarming article, T. Dobzhansky admits that his own beliefs are based on anything but exhaustive evidence and that others with competent knowledge of that evidence do not agree with his conclusions [3]. From 1835-36, Darwin went on a voyage in south Atlantic and Pacific, which provided him ample opportunity to observe various species on land. He was struck at a particular geographical area by the variety within each species (although definition of ‘species' was not known in his time). In 1838, Darwin was influenced by the essay on the ‘Principle of Population', anonymously published by Malthus. This gave Darwin the idea of selection of the fittest by Nature, or survival of the fittest. This evolutionary work shocked people, who so far knew only the Creationism. Darwin was joined by Ernest Heckle and T. H. Huxley in developing the atheist theory and declared that man must have evolved from ape like ancestor, thus putting man in the phyllogenetic tree of animal kingdom. This challenged ‘Creationism' of Biblical tradition and eventually gave rise to atheism in England. Prior to this Germany and France had already alienated themselves from religion. Later on Karl Marx also banked upon Darwin's work to promote communism, and Lenin created scientific museum on Darwinism in order to remove the Christian faith from People's life. Atheism has emerged recurrently in Western thought since Democritus and Epicurus argued for it in the context of their materialism, while Plato argued against atheism in the Laws.

Evolutionary scientists mock the idea of creation by Intelligent Design as unscientific, and not worthy of scientific examination. For something to be considered a ‘science,' they argue it must be able to be observed and tested; it must be naturalistic. What they doff from their ‘rationale' is the very fact that priori knowledge is not within limits of human access. Creation is by definition "supernatural". God and the supernatural cannot be observed or tested; therefore, neither theories concerning creationism, nor evolution can be considered as science, but evolutionists carry on by remaining willfully blind on the pertinent issues. As a result, all data is filtered through the preconceived, presupposed, and pre-accepted theory of evolution, without alternate explanations being considered. It is rather a tragic impasse of the secular rationalists who remain willingly blind in reflecting to the compatibility between authentic ‘revealed guidance' and facts unveiled by the science. Their willful blindness is exposed especially when they are found to stop short at the very questions they themselves have raised! The first is ‘What is the origin of the Genetic Codes? And second is the strikingly evident phenomenon with respect to ‘the factors determining the increase of information over the course of time in the Genetic Code (M. Bucaille, 2002)[4].

However such modus operandi of neoteric rationalism clearly indicates that God denying traits of pre-human Jinns under different guises are in driver's seat to day. In the early phase of humanity when scientific reason was absent, tradition of demigods used to deny God by messing up religious truths with mythological fibs. Falsehood has changed its ‘face' in the very modern world where relentless myths of Darwinism deny God by claiming that living things are not the product of ‘Intelligent Design' by the unseen Creator but the product of a natural cause. But fancies of human nescience are being exposed by the findings of paleontology, biochemistry, population genetics, comparative anatomy, and biophysics that shatter the very base of Darwinism and natural laws and chance effect proposed by the theory. Now we know well that every unit of living things are governed by the ultra programmed actions of DNA, RNA……definite genetic code ordained protein synthesis to give rise to specific organs and their functions. All these are in fact clear evidences of a programming intellect that provides the information required to operate the system rather than mere happy coincidences and natural selection. A computer will only work after it has been programmed. Metallic elements in the nature, without intervention of a designer can never turn into Eiffel Tower by chance mutation and natural process. Even in cases of observed genetic mutations there remain intelligent designs. Let us reflect to the probability factor [5] behind the functioning of PROTEIN – that plays the pivotal role in structural and functional biology of all living cells. All organisms are built largely out of protein. Proteins, therefore, are used like bricks, and all large structures are made by assembling many similar or identical proteins in a symmetrical pattern. Our bodies have some 100,000 different proteins that are functioning constantly, each for a definite purpose. Thus we are able to possess ‘a biologically functioning body'. Human body of some 100 trillion cells is making 2000 proteins every second in every cell. A single protein is a perfectly definite sequence of amino acids joined together as chain. Thus different proteins are formed by specific sequences of amino acids whose chain links range from few dozen to thousands. Some 20 different amino acids in varying number of chain links are found to form these sequences. Amino acids are made from atoms. Thus atoms are like alphabets, the amino acids words, and the proteins are the sentences. Now if we take a modest sized protein (say ‘X') of 100 chain links by 20 amino acids, the question is – in how many different ways can 100 links of 20 amino acids be joined together? The answer is 10¹³º i.e., one followed by 130 zeros! This means that: out of these immensely huge 10¹³º different possibilities, only specific few programmed sequences are formed to make the required protein ‘X' in order to perform its ordained function. Such ultra specific precessions are evidenced in all biochemical processes of living organs. Are these hard facts of science not enough to throw light upon the mysteries of creation? Is it mere chance happenings or a 'supreme control' beyond our comprehension?

Science has confirmed that modern man carries the genetic signature of the pre-humans (which Qur'an revealed as Jinns). But neither we know about various forms of Jinns who lived terrestrially (and extra-terrestrially) for a period of time measurable in terms of millions of aeons; and nor we know exactly from when Homo sapiens sapiens has began its journey on earth. Modern science has not yet identified the Adam's lineage conclusively from the Y- chromosome study, yet science reckons a distinct human as Homo sapiens sapiens that differs from other Hominids. After God allowed Jinns to be mutually shared with wealth and children with humans (Q, 17:64) – we do not know how the present population has come after inter-breeding between Jinns and Adamites. Science could throw light upon the physical evolution of biological organs, i.e. beginning from single to multiple cells, and gradually tissues, various organs, different bodies and so on. In this respect revealed knowledge conforms to the findings of science when it says ‘God created us in phases or stages'. But it goes beyond the reach of science when Qur'an mentions Jinn and human (Insaan), one created from fire, and the other basically from earthy ingredient clay; it essentially means two different creations and their inter-mixing signifies the attuning of clay with fire. As regard an individual being, only after Soul meets the body one becomes a person with its ‘will in action'; in case of inter-breeding a person has varying degrees of Jinn and human traits which reflect in life's conducts. Biological laws of the physical organs are governed according to the Will of God, while Soul has been granted a period of freedom to exercise its own will. Science could experiment with the elements of clay but not so  with the fire, it may investigate ‘Physical Organs' but not ‘Spirit' and ‘Soul'; God has not granted man the access to secrets of Soul (nafsun in Arabic)  and Spirit (ruuh in Arabic); hence knowledge of evolution in revealed sense (i.e. Khalaqa or aTwar in Arabic) is beyond the limits of quiescent scripture less-science of our present age.


1. Popkin, Richard Henry (1992). Third Force in Seventeenth-Century Thought. Brill Academic Publishers. ISBN 90- 04-09324-9

2.  Darwin, Charles, The Autobiography of Charles Darwin and Selected Letters (New York: Dover, 1958), p, 62.

3.  Dobzhansky, Theodosius, "Evolution at Work," Science 127 May 9,1958):1092.

4.  Dr. Maurice Bucaille. (2002), ‘What is the Origin of Man', trans. A.D. Pannell & Author;   (IslamicBook Service)

5. ‘When coincidence Abound' by S. I. Zaheer, in ‘Young Muslim Digest' Feb, 2004

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/religion-articles/earth-was-populated-before-adam-creational-metaphysics-is-beyond-limits-of-horizontal-quest-of-science-5730810.html

About the Author

Author: After serving Govt. of India as Scientist S - I (ICAR); Hindustan Lever, Bombay, as Research Scientist; and about ten years service (1981-91) in United Arab Emirates (Al-Ain Municipality) as Senior Chemist, author took early retirement and turned to soul-searching where vertical consciousness dominates the horizontal living. For about last two decades author is contemplating on the ‘Message of God' in revealed scriptures and trying to reflect upon its aftermath based on findings of history, scientific linguistics, archaeology and science etc. In this pursuit, author sincerely tried to embrace the guidelines of authentic most Revelation with observance of regular Prayer to God. Holistic knowledge from God has a ‘rational' part knowable by all human beings since God has made them accessible through ‘rational reasoning'. However, Truth shall finally prevail transcending all human theses, antitheses, and syntheses. Finite human knowledge never can tell the last word about infinite religious truths; rather diverse human reflections to religion merely testify by degrees the relative sapience of Homo sapiens sapiens to an unseen Supreme Arbiter.

Author has published his first book: "Mysteries of religion – in the light of Divine Revelations." Published in 2009 (ISBN 978-81-910042-0-5)

The second book is going to be oublished soon:

Title of the book: ‘RELIGION IN THE MAKING OF MANKIND' (Author: Dr. P.R. Palodhi)

It focuses attention on what God reveals in Religion beyond temporal relativism of the human genius. Book proceeds by compiling the knowledge of:

1. GOD (from what GOD Himself has revealed)

2. False gods and adversaries of Prophets

3. Genesis of pre-humans and humans

4. Beginning of Civilization


Spiritual Symbol of Ka'ba

Spiritual symbol of Ka'ba – its legacies and denominations in pagan Temple cultures

Author: Dr. P.R.Palodhi

By: Dr. P. R. Palodhi 


As regard origin of temple cultures, the Prophetic tradition of Islamic holds that: the Sacred Stone fell from Heaven to show humanity's first Prophet Adam where to build an altar, which became the first Temple on earth. The sacred Stone is only a marker and not for idolatry of stone worship. And since Adam's time the temple culture became customary to the Prophetic religions. Adam's altar and the stone were said to have been lost during Noah's Flood and forgotten. According to a chronicler, the Stone was identified by its unique ability to float in water. Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) was said to have later found the Black Stone at the original site of Adam's altar when the Angel Jibrail revealed it to him. Prophet Ibrahim ordered his son Ishmael to build a new temple, the Ka'ba, in which to embed the Stone [1]. The Semitic cultures of the Middle East had a tradition of using unusual stones to mark places of worship, a phenomenon which is reflected in the Hebrew Bible as well as the Qur'an [2]. As such, scholars have compared its functional similarities to the Jewish temple in Jerusalem. Heribert Busse [3] pointed about main similarities between the Jewish temple and the Ka'ba. First, the temple and the Ka'ba have a common foundation in Semitic religion. Second, after the destruction of the Jewish temple in Jerusalem, two successors arose: the Christian Church of the Holy Sepulchre and the Muslim Haram al-Sharif (which occupies the site previously occupied by the temple). Busse also mentions (p. 237): "Jewish traditions concerning the Temple were transferred to the Haram al-Sharif - part of them came directly from the Temple, part of them via the Church of the Holy Sepulchre." Islamic tradition initially associated the primordial hillock with Jerusalem [4]. However, the site of the primordial hillock was transferred to Mecca when the Jewish tribes of Medina rejected Prophet Muhammad, and the qibla (direction of prayer) was changed from Jerusalem to Mecca. Thus from a common Semitic origin of temple and the Ka'ba the Great Mosque stands today as the holy center of Islam. Even in pre-Islamic times the Ka'ba was a sacred site and was considered to be ‘the sacred House of Allah.' But Ka'ba has been filled with pagan idols many times by the rule of pagan Arabs. With the rise of Islam, again sanctity of Ka'ba was restored when Prophet Muhammad cleansed it of the pagan idols (with the exception of the images of Jesus and Mary). Since that time the Ka'ba has played a central role in the religious life of Muslims around the world.


Ever since the Prophet Muhammad received God's command, "From whatsoever place thou issuest, turn thy face towards the Holy Mosque" (Q, 2:144), Muslims believed that the small shrine located near the center of the Great mosque in Mecca is the most sacred place on earth. Built in to the eastern wall of the Ka'ba there is the Black Stone of Mecca (al-Hazar al- Aswad). The Ka'ba marked the location where the sacred world intersected with the profane, and the embedded Black Stone was a further symbol of this as an object that linked heaven and earth [5]. The creation began by stretching out the earth around this center. "The first land to appear upon the face of the water was Mecca. Then God unfolded the earth out from under it" [6]. In final Revelation, the ‘Symbol of Ka'ba' is equally significant as the ‘Name of God'. Qur'an refers to Mecca as the "Mother of Cities" (Q, 42:7) and Muslims view Mecca and its Ka'ba as the center of the world, with all things radiating from them [7]. Now facing the Black Stone pilgrims make seven   rounds starting from right, anti-clock wise – in which sun rotates, planets rotate, and all of them in turn revolve around the center of our galaxy, and the disk like whole Galaxy with its spiral arms rotates in this anti-clock direction. Untold millions from all continents have prostrated themselves five times a day toward this magnetic center. During Hajj, before entering the Mosque pilgrims must throw stones to Satan - because without awareness of the evil, one should not approach the Holiness of the God. Proper realization of the Light comes not before knowing the darkness. In esoteric sense the Ka'ba is identified with the heart of the seeker. While construction of the Mosque, Prophet Muhammad kissed the Stone and stood upon it. The sacred Stone is not the idol, it is only a marker and Ka'ba is the focal point for direction of the prayer. ‘Abis bin Rabia narrated that: Umar came near the Black Stone and kissed it and said, "No doubt, I know that you are a stone and can neither benefit anyone nor harm anyone. Had I not seen God's Apostle kissing you, I would not have kissed you." (al-Bukhari, Muhammad ibn Ismail. Sahih al-Bukhari. Volume 2, Book 26, Number 667).    

Tradition maintains that the stone was originally pure and dazzling white, but has turned black because of the sins of the people. The Stone has suffered desecrations and damage; the Ka'ba has been destroyed and subsequently rebuilt several times over the centuries. It is said to have been struck and smashed to pieces by a stone fired from a catapult during the Umayyad siege of Mecca in 756. The fragments were rejoined by 'Abd Allah ibn Zubayr using a silver ligament [8]. In January 930 it was stolen by the Qarmatians, who carried the Black Stone away to their base in Hajar (modern Bahrain). After 21 years the Stone was recovered in 951 AD. The Black Stone consists of a number of fragments held together by a silver frame, which is fastened by silver nails to the Stone [9]. Some of the smaller fragments have been cemented together to form the seven or eight fragments visible today. The Stone's exposed face measures about 20 centimetres (7.9 in) by 16 centimetres (6.3 in). Its original size is unclear; its recorded dimensions have changed considerably over time, as the Stone has been remodeled. In the 10 th century, an observer described it as being one cubit (slightly over 2 feet (0.61 m) long). By the early 17 th century, it was recorded as measuring 1.5 yards (1.4 m) by 1.33 yards (1.22 m). According to Ali Bey in the 18 th century, it was 42 inches (110 cm) high; Muhammad Ali reported it as being 2.5 feet (0.76 m) long by 1.5 feet (0.46 m) wide [10].


History reveals that since remote antiquity legacies of Ka'ba and the sacred religious Stone of Prophet Adam have prevailed in world religions. Based upon the idea of Ka'ba various pagan denominations could be noticed in religions around the world.   

Ancient Egyptian Religion: From hieroglyphic engravings of 6 th dynasty (24 th century BC) inside pyramids of Men-ne-Re and Pepi II (Nefer-ka-Re) - the Egyptologists have inferred Ka as ‘alter ego' or ‘guardian spirit'. Ka with Ba and Akh, written by a hieroglyph of ‘uplifted arms' or ‘sheltering arms', it seems originally to have designated the protecting the divine spirit of a person, and later the personified sum of individuality. We do not know what it originally meant to the more ancient Egyptians before pharaohs, but pagan pharaohs of Egypt believed that KA survive the death of body and could reside in a picture or statue of a person. The exact significance of Ka remains a matter of controversy, chiefly for lack of an Egyptian definition. KHAYBET in Egyptian mythology is a manifestation of KA. 

Ancient Mesopotamian Religion: Origin of Ka remained unknown. In later inscriptions Ka is personified as mistress of Magic, one of the guardians of balance between Good and Evil. In their mythology Ka was depicted as daughter of Mesopotamian goddess Thammut. 

Pre-Vedic Indus Valley Religion: From theological investigations (on the names of the places and prevailing legends and philology) and genetic research it is now becoming clear that Prophet Abraham's east bound descendants have lived around the Indus region. In this connection Siva of   Hinduism demands attention because of his legendary connection with religious symbol of Sacred Stone. This was unacceptable to early Vedics who used to ridicule pre-Vedic Saivites as worshippers of Sisna (penis) which is a purposive word bereft of any spiritualism. But when Vedic religion failed to cope with Siva's popularity - they turned to absorb Siva's image by giving rise to various pagan myths of Phallic and Linga-yoni worship. In the Pre Vedic Indus Valley Inscriptions and in the Vaisali Inscriptions Ka and Linga were co-related; during the period of Indus civilization Ka and Linga were different in the field of worship, but in the language they were jointly producing one phonetic value. G.R. Hunter analyzed the Indus Inscriptions ‘Ka' as a bi-syllabic word ak-ka (perhaps pronounced as single consonant) and he posited that the whole ideographic presentation means a servant to God or Hero.

Strange legend about ‘KA' in Kashmir: In Bijbihara, south of Srinagar, a place on the riverbank is still referred to as ‘Moses' bath-place', where there is a magic stone called Ka- Ka- Bal or Sang-i–Musa (stone of Moses). According to legend, the stone, about 70 kilograms in weight, is supposed to rise by itself and remained suspended at about one meter off the ground if eleven people touch it with one finger while correctly chanting the magic spell ‘Ka-Ka, Ka-Ka'. Researcher Andrew Thomas reported that levitation in India is still performed to this day using chanting. In the village of Shivapur, near Poona, is a little mosque dedicated to the Sufi holy man Qamar Ali Dervish. Outside in the courtyard of the mosque is a stone weighing 138 pounds, and during daily prayer, eleven devotees surround the stone, repeating the holy man's name. When they read a certain pitch, the 11 men are able to lift the stone by using one finger each. As soon as the chanting stops, the devotees jump back, for the stone resumes its weight and falls to the ground with a heavy thud. 

Vedic and Avestan religions: In Vedic reckoning Ka appears as unknown divinity. In Rig-Vedawe come across Ka in book 10:121. "Kasmai devaya havisa vidhema"(R.V; 10:121:1). The meaning of the hymn is: "whom do I invoke giving up Hiranyagarbha?" (Also in RV 1:164:18). Max Muller and Dowson identify Ka with Prajapati, Brahmana, Dokhsa, and Kasyapa in the sense of Lord of all creatures. In the Amarakosa (3.3.5) Ka means Marut, Brahma and Surya. In the Purnacandra Bhasakosa Ka stands for twenty-four gods – Brahma, Surya, Vishnu, Siva etc. In the Saiva Purana (of the Vedic heritage) the Jyoti and the Sun means Ka. 

In contrast to polytheistic Veda, its contemporary Prophetic Gatha of Zoroaster conveys a different sense; here KA signifies "WHAT" but in a different religious sense. In Gatha VII, Yasna 34-5: The Prophet Zoroaster prays to the Supreme God Ahura Mazda, "What (KA) is your power, What (KA) is your desire? I obey Your instructions. I shall always remain completely righteous and pure mind to protect those self-restrained people who follow Your path according to Your wish and according to Your instructions. First we will obey You and do Your work and thereby acquire full strength and then we will describe Your strength and Your message to the Devas and to the loathsome Masakyas who go along the evil path"

Chinese Religion: KO-WU (investigation of things), Neo-Confucian practice which stressed study of things, persons and events in the world in order to arrive at an understanding of the inner "principle" (Li) of reality.  It is connected with the gradual awareness of Li. KO TAO is the Chinese custom of kneeling and touching the ground with forehead as obeisance.

Japanese Religion: KAMI – the object of worship in Shinto and other indigenous religions of Japan, often translated as God, Lord, or Deity, but also including other forces of nature which become object of reverence are worshipped in their manifestations in a symbolic objects (viz., mirror). Kamidana is Japanese God-shelf. The Grand Shrine of ISE represents a universal Kami. Stones and rocks in Japan were initially seen as symbols of mononoke (supernatural forces which permeate matter and space). Later, an abstract, undifferentiated mononoke was replaced by more definite animistic deities who resided in the stones and rocks. These rock abodes are called iwakura. All over the precinct of the shrine at Ise are rocks and stones which are venerated as the abodes of deities, such as the subsidiary shrine at the Naiku called Takimatsuri-no-kami. Elsewhere in Japan are many stones and stone arrangements representing the male and female principle, such as the stone circle at Oyu in Akita Prefecture in north-eastern Japan. The emotional attachment to natural stones, originally religion-inspired, has persisted in Japan and is manifest today in the creation of richly symbolic and spiritual stone gardens. 

Mexico and Mayan religion: KAAN in Mexican religion stands for heaven and KABIL is the Mayan deity whose name signifies He-of- the-lucky-hand.

Finno-Ugric religion: KABA (KAVA) is the Finno-Ugric spirit of fate or providence.

Hopi Indians: KIVA is the sacred circular ceremonial room of the Hopi Indians devoted to secret rites; it is built beneath Pueblo dwelling. 

Slavic religion: KAMEN is the Slavonic word for stone, a sun emblem or image which they believed to yield great KA. 



As compared to spiritual symbol of sacred Stone in Prophetic religion, there is parallel development of ‘stone cultures' in entire pagan world. The moving and arranging of massive stones into a building or some other configuration in a sacred context also characterizes many early cultures around the globe, from the Inca in South America, to the Egyptians and Mycenaeans. As early as 5000 BC we could trace the large stones (megaliths - Greek mega, great, and lithos, stone), either unwrought or roughly worked were erected across prehistoric Europe to stand in lines or in circles (such as at Stonehenge in England), or otherwise arranged in conjunction with earthworks usually identified as burial mounds (such as at Newgrange in Ireland). Little is known about the purpose or meaning of these megalithic constructions, but it is universally agreed that they mark or embellish a sacred place in the landscape. Examples of megalithism can also found in countries around the world, such as the ‘Beforo monument' near Bouar in the Central African Republic, the Tatetsuki stone circles standing the summit of a tumulus at Okayama in Japan, and the moai statues on ceremonial platforms on Easter Island. According to Pausanias (VII, 24. 4), in olden times all the Greeks worshipped unwrought stones instead of images and describes thirty square stones near a spring sacred to Hermes at Pharae in Greece. 

Besides sacred stone, we find that Temples also play the vital role in Pagan religions. Since beginning of our civilization, Temple complexes provided a unifying force for both Semitic tradition of God, and polytheistic Pagan cultures that centralized around respective temples of their gods and goddesses. According to Revelation, Paganism is inherited from the pre-human Jinn race who also received guidance from God: "O ye assembly of Jinns and men! came there  not unto you messengers from amongst you, setting forth unto you My Signs and warnings you of the meeting of this day of yours?" (Q, 6:130). But then Revelation (Surah Al-Jinn) informs that: most of the pre-human Jinns denied God's command and devised a Pagan religion of false gods. As regard the pagan denominations of ‘stone and idol worships', God reveals in Bible (Leviticus 26:1): Do not make idols or set up an image or a sacred stone for yourselves, and do not place a carved stone in your land to bow down before it. I am the Lord your GOD.

Deuteronomy 12:3: Break down their altars, smash their sacred stones and burn their Asherah poles in the fire; cut down the idols of their gods and wipe out their names from those places. 

Jinns' paganism was inherited by the later human generations. Since remote ancient to very modern, we find the Temple culture of false gods and goddesses first by making their idols and then worshipping them as equal to God. The Pagan denial of God is effectuated primarily by creating ‘mass ignorance about God' via falsehoods of myths and cults, and secondarily by giving rise to ‘inequity' in society. Hence pagan rules always tend to operate via sects; ancient society of Ur was divided into three classes: a. Amilu (priestly Sanga, like later Brahmins); b. Mishkinu (like Vaisyas of Hindus); and c. Ardus (like Sudras of Hindus). 

It was the Sumerians who constructed some of the earliest temples. The first temple, according to Sumerian tradition, was in Eridu on the edge of the Persian Gulf. According to Sumerian legends, it was there that civilization began and there that the first temple was built to Enki (later they equated with EA), the god of underground fresh water. The cunning Sumerian god Enki (bël nëmeqi' Lord of cunning/skill') remained very important as the god of wisdom in the Sumerian pantheon for many centuries, and was "consulted" whenever the Sumerians undertook the construction or reparation of a temple, perhaps also because of his connection with the earliest temple. The nucleus of Sumerian civilization was the temple enclosures. Places of worship, temple storehouses, and business offices were surrounded and protected by the massive wall. These complexes provided both religious and social structure for the surrounding communities. Here ruled wealthy priesthood; assisted by the scribes they used to take care of the temple property. The temple served also as a bank where money was loaned by the priests in the name of their god, and likewise the interest was extracted in god's name. Egyptians inherited from ancestral source certain belief in ‘Hereafter'. Gradually the monarchy and the advancing civilization went with it to evolve the elaborate material equipment for the dead – a monumental tomb Pyramid with its mortuary furniture. A famous saying of Aesculapius is that "All Egypt is a temple." Indeed, everywhere we look in Egypt, we are faced with teaching devices boldly displayed on the outside as well as the inside of the many sacred edifices. The most beloved god of Egypt, as well as nearly all the local gods of Western Asia, especially Syria, Palestine, Assyria, and Babylonia, were believed to have lived, died, and risen again.     

Intriguing parallels in Temple cultures: History then goes to reveal various intriguing parallels between Temple cultures of Prophetic tradition and polytheistic Pagans. The Sumerian temples, in their most developed phase, showed structural similarities to later Israelite temples. At least two of the temples excavated in Israel (Nahariya and Tell Beit Mirsim) bear the likeness of Sumerian floor plans [1]. In both Sumerian and Hebrew traditions, holiness was associated with the temple and the potential presence of deity there; purity was a prerequisite for entrance to that sacred area. Therefore, purification rituals were a necessary preliminary step to approaching deity in the temple. In Prophetic tradition we find that ceremonial washing i.e. ablution (wudhu) is must before prayer (salat); likewise   it also appears from one of the temple hymns that the hand-washing ceremony (šu-luh) was performed in the Sumerian temple room as the abzu, or perhaps even in the abzu itself [2]. 

Now as we come to Black Stone (al- Hazar-al-Aswad) of Ka'ba, it is a symbol that links heaven and earth. Similarly among the pagan Egyptians, the Babylonians, and the Hittites, tombs and temples were integrally joined; the temple was viewed as the "link between this world and the next" (Lundquist, "What Is a Temple?" p. 215)[3]. 

In the Qur'an the House or the sacred precinct is associated with a mountain (Q, 52:1). Three aspects of the Ka'ba are associated with mountain symbolism. First, Islamic tradition identifies the place where Prophet Abraham built the Ka'ba. Second, tradition has that Abraham building the Ka'ba from rockstaken from five mountains: "Mount Sinai, the Mount of Olives, Mount Hira, Mount Libanon and Mount Judi."[4]. Third, tradition places the Ka'ba opposite the polar star, which is the highest point in the heavens. Al-Kisa'i writes: "Tradition says: the polestar proves that the Ka'ba is the highest situated territory; for it lies over against the centre of heaven."[5].  

These aspects of God's religion have been remodeled in pagan cultures; thus cosmic mountain and astrology based on stars became the very foundations of all pagan religions. In the ancient Near East, mountains were associated with pagan worships, as was the case with the pyramids of Egypt and the ziggurats of Mesopotamia. The Mesopotamian ziggurat is probably the best example of a structure with an architectonic orientation portraying the idea of successive ascension to heaven. It was constructed with varying numbers of levels - usually three, five, or seven. The upper level was reached by a monumental staircase. The worshipers ascended the staircase, and deity descended from heaven to meet them [6]. The place of the meeting between the two realms was a place of great sacredness. Astrological twist based upon partial knowledge of astronomy (a gift from Jinn gods) has continued to mesmerize the successive pagan generations. Near Eastern archives informed that the duku was their place of divine judgment. The first (and best-known) function is demonstrated in a bilingual text known as VR50+51: Incantation: Shamash, When you come out of the great mountain, the mountain of the springs (of water); When you come out of the duku where fates are determined; When you come out of the (place) where heaven and earth are connected, from the foundation of heaven, to (this) place; The great gods will present themselves before you for judgment;The Anunnaki will present themselves to you for decisions

Profanity in pagan Temple culture: The archives of ancient civilizations inform various profane practices of the pagan Temple cultures. The gods were fed with abundant sacrifices, sometimes human and also animals. Cohabitation with temple prostitutes was sacred ritual in Mesopotamia and Syria in the 1st millennium BC. Mass frenzy and emasculation was prerequisite for becoming the priest of the goddess (in Phrygian plateau). A cult of about 1200 BC from Beth-Shan shows a nude goddess holding two doves in her arms as she sits with legs apart to show her sex; below her are two male deities, with a dog at the feet of one of them; towards them from below creeps a serpent and from one side advances a lion: "This may be considered as a terse epitome of the mythological symbolism of Canaanite religion at the end of the pre-Israelite age in Palestine" [7]. The goddess of fertility played a much greater role among the Canaanites as compared to other ancient people. The favourite animals for Canaanite goddess were ‘lions' for its ferocity, and the ‘serpent' and ‘dove' for their fecundity. In iconography these goddesses are represented as naked with savagery image. Naked goddess is shown astride with a galloping horse and brandishing weapons in her right hand. In a fragment of Baal epic (published in 1938), Anath appears blood thirsty, she massacres mankind, young and old, from sea-coast to the rising sun, causing heads and hands to fly in all directions. There she ties heads to her back, hands to her girdles, and wades to her knees, up to her throat – in human gore. This is similar to cult of ‘goddess Kali in Hindu Temple' where remotely ancient ‘cult of mother goddess' has been reanimated by inventing a thesis of Shakti cult.

References: (A. The sacred stone in ka'ba – a spiritual symbol)

1. Shaykh Tabarsi, Tafsir, vol. 1, pp. 460, 468. Quoted in translation by Francis E. Peters, Muhammad and the Origins of Islam, p. 5. SUNY Press, 1994. ISBN 0-7914-1876-

2. Cyril Glasse, New Encyclopedia of Islam, Rowman Altamira, 2001. ISBN 0-7591-0190-6

3. Heribert Busse, "Jerusalem and Mecca, the Temple and the Kaaba: An Account of Their Interrelation in IslamicTimes," in The Holy Land in History and Thought, ed. Moshe Sharon (Leiden: Brill, 1988), 236–46) 

4. A. J. Wensinck, The Ideas of the Western Semites concerning the Navel of the Earth (Amsterdam: Muller, 1916

5. Armstrong, Karen (1996). Jerusalem: One City, Three Faiths. A.A. Knopf. p.221. ISBN 9780679435969.

6. Tha'labi, Qisas, 3–4; translation by Brian Hauglid; see also A. J. Wensinck, "The Semitic New Year and the Origin of Eschatology," Acta Orientalia 1 (1922): 175.

7."Thus the first village to be built was Mecca and the first house was the Glorious Kaaba." Thackston, trans., Tales of the Prophets of al-Kisa'i, 62

8. Dairesi, Hırka-i Saadet; Aydın, Hilmi, (2004), The sacred trusts: Pavilion of the Sacred Relics, Topkapı Palace Museum, Istanbul. Tughra Books. ISBN 9781932099720

9. Alex Bevan, John De Laeter, Meteorites: A Journey Through Space and Time, pp. 14-15. UNSW Press, 2002. ISBN 0-86840-490-X)

10. Burke, John G. (1991). Cosmic Debris: Meteorites in History. University of California Press. pp. 221–223. ISBN 9780520073968)

References: (B. Legacies of ka'ba prevailed in world religions)

1. Dic. Of Mythology folklore and symbols by Gertrude Jobes, 1962. Part 1&2; The Scarecrow Press Inc, NY

2.  Encyclopedia of world religions, by G.T. Bettany, Bracken Books, London

3.  Merriam-Webster's Encyclopedia of world religions, 1999, ISBN: 0-87779-044-2

4. Dic. Of Philosophy and Religion – eastern and western thought, by W.L. Resse, Humanities   Press, N.Jersy, 1980 

References: (C. How temple cultures flourish in pagan traditions?)

1. J. Kaplan, "Mesopotamian Elements in the Middle Bronze II Culture of Palestine," Journal of Near Eastern Studies 30/4 (1971): 293–307.

2. The line in question is line 40 of hymn no. 3, in Sjöberg and Bergmann, Sumerian Temple Hymns, 19: temen šu-luh-sikil-zu abzu-a lá-a, "Foundation, your pure laving rite spreads over the Abzu."

3. Lundquist, John M.  "The Common Temple Ideology of the Ancient Near East," in The Temple in Antiquity: Ancient Records and Modern Perspectives, ed. Truman G. Madsen (Provo, Utah: BYU Religious Studies Center, 1984).

4. Tha'labi, Kitab Ara'is al-majalis fi qisas al-anbiya (Egypt: Mu af al-B b al- alab , 1340), 61–62; Tabari, Jami al- bayan, 1:546; Yaqut, Mu'jam al-buldan (Beirut, 1955–57), 4:465.

5. Translation and original Arabic script in Wensink, Navel of the Earth, p. 15.  

Sacred Stone, al-Hazar al- Aswad, temple culture, Adam's altar, Ka'ba, Semitic religion, Haram al-Sharif, qibla, Holy Sepulchre, Hajj, Ka, Ba, megaliths, Stonehenge, Khaybet, Linga, Sang-i–Musa, Ko-Wu, Ko Tao, Kami, Kaan, Kiva, Kamen,

6. See: Lundquist, "The Common Temple Ideology," 57–58.

7. Albright. W.F, ‘From the Stone age to Christianity', pp. 177-8, (The John Hopkins Press)

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/religion-articles/spiritual-symbol-of-kaba-its-legacies-and-denominations-in-pagan-temple-cultures-6102122.html

About the Author

Author: After serving Govt. of India as Scientist S - I (ICAR); Hindustan Lever, Bombay, as Research Scientist; and about ten years service (1981-91) in United Arab Emirates (Al-Ain Municipality) as Senior Chemist, author took early retirement and turned towards religion. For about last two decades author is contemplating on the ‘Message of God' in revealed scriptures and trying to reflect upon its aftermath based on findings of history, scientific linguistics, archaeology and science etc. In this pursuit, author sincerely tried to embrace the guidelines of authentic most Revelation with observance of regular Prayer to God. Holistic knowledge from God has a ‘rational' part knowable by all human beings since God has made them accessible through ‘rational reasoning'. However, Truth shall finally prevail transcending all human theses, antitheses, and syntheses. Finite human knowledge never can tell the last word about infinite religious truths; rather diverse human reflections to religion merely testify by degrees the relative sapience of Homo sapiens sapiens to an unseen Supreme Arbiter.

Author has published his first book: "Mysteries of religion – in the light of Divine Revelations." Published in 2009 (ISBN 978-81-910042-0-5)

The second book is going to be oublished soon:

Title of the book: ‘RELIGION IN THE MAKING OF MANKIND' (Author: Dr. P.R. Palodhi)

It focuses attention on what God reveals in Religion beyond temporal relativism of the human genius. Book proceeds by compiling the knowledge of:

1. GOD (from what GOD Himself has revealed)

2. False gods and adversaries of Prophets

3. Genesis of pre-humans and humans

4. Beginning of Civilization


Time Travel

Time Travel into the Past

Author: William Roskey

We know that time travel into the future is possible. Stephen Hawking says, "We do not have the technology today to do this, but it is just a matter of engineering; we know it can be done."  In Time Travel in Einstein's Universe:  The Physical Possibilities of travel Through Time, physicist J. Richard Gott says "if we can accelerate protons to greater than 99.995 percent of the speed of light, we could also send off an astronaut at the same speed.  It's just a matter of cost." 

The idea of time travel into the past is a far more exciting prospect though.  Who hasn't wanted to travel back into the past?  Some would like to return to the past permanently to live in a simpler time and escape forever the stress, crime, pollution, and other unpleasant aspects of 21st century living.  Some would like to be time tourists and actually be present in the crowd to hear the Gettysburg Address delivered by President Lincoln himself, to watch the pyramids being built, or to witness firsthand any number of historical events.  Some would like to go back to do or undo things that affected their own lives.

            There was a young lady called Bright

            Who could travel far faster than light;

            She set off one day,

            In a relative way,

            And returned home the previous night.

                                                A.H. R. Buller

A cute limerick, but is it possible?  Yes, says, Stephen Hawking, if one can travel faster than the speed of light, one can travel back in time in the same manner that one can travel into the future—by riding a really fast spaceship.  The problem, he says, is that while we can accelerate particles to 99.99 percent of the speed of light, we have as yet been unable to exceed the speed of light.  Nevertheless, Hawking says, travel to the past may be possible through the use of wormholes.  The idea of wormholes is not new.  In 1935, Einstein and Rosen wrote a paper saying that the Theory of Relativity allowed for the existence of wormholes and much has been written about them since, but as yet we have no conclusive evidence that they actually exist.

Some scientists theorize that time travel into the past may be possible through the use of cosmic strings, which are thin strands of high-density material left over from the early universe.  Like wormholes, we don't know if cosmic strings exist, but Gott says, "If cosmic strings exist, you could travel in a spaceship [at 99.9999999999 percent of the speed of light] and outrun a light beam by taking the shorter of two paths around a cosmic string.  The door to time travel to the past begins to crack open."

Doubts that travel into the past might become possible in the future are rooted not so much in terms of physics and technology, but in terms of intuition and what are perceived to be the use of logic or common sense.  For example, if a man were to travel back in time and kill his grandfather before his grandfather ever had any children, then he never would have existed himself and therefore could have never traveled back into time.  Furthermore, if time travel to the past becomes a reality at some point in the future, why has there never been any record of people from the future showing up in all of recorded history?

There are many similar questions and many possible answers, some simple and some very complicated.  Many people are convinced that time travelers from the future have made trips into the past.  There are two types of evidence.  The first is artifacts left behind by time travelers.  One example is a watch/ring found in December 2008 in a Chinese tomb that had been sealed for 400 years.  The second type of evidence is photographs in which there are people who appear to be from another era.  An example is the unknown woman in the 1928 Charlie Chaplin movie, "The Circus."  She is walking along in a background shot speaking into what appears to be a communications device.  She is alone, and appears to be carrying on a conversation.  These and similar examples can be found on the internet as well the opinions of people seeking to debunk the evidence.  Who knows?

The only thing certain about time travel into the past is that people will always dream of it and always be fascinated by it.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/literature-articles/time-travel-into-the-past-5324686.html

About the Author

William Roskey is a military historian whose published articles have covered such varied topics as Civil War cryptography and firearms, satellite photoreconnaissance, truce negotiations, prisoner-of-war escapes, the North Korean missile program, and hostage negotiations.  His novel, Muffled Shots, was published by Dell.  A Korean translator with Army Intelligence in the 1960's, he subsequently became a Medicare and Medicaid policy analyst.

To Learn More: http://williamroskey.authorsxpress.com/tag/fifth-gospel/

The Real Nature of Reality

Evidence In Support Of Your Virtual Reality

Author: John Prytz

There are many anomalies from the macro-world that can be ‘explained' by resorting to a Simulated [Virtual Reality] Universe scenario, from statues that walk (Easter Island) to the concepts of an afterlife to those feelings of déjà vu to recollections of previous lives to crop ‘circles' to ghosts, and so on and so forth. However, most of these anomalies can be classified as belonging to the paranormal or as a pseudoscience and dismissed. Not so easily dismissed are anomalies from hardcore particle (quantum) physics, the most experimentally verified science every known and responsible in gismos and gadgets for over one-third of the world's economy. Despite all the runs on the board, points of view on the subject of Quantum Mechanics tend to be along the lines of…


Albert Einstein: God does not throw dice.


Niels Bohr: Anyone who is not shocked by the [quantum] theory hasn't understood it.


Richard Feynman: Nobody understands quantum physics.


And that's comments by noted quantum physicists.


However, the key to reality* in general, including yours in particular, lies in the basics (i.e. – the Standard Model of Particle [Quantum] Physics) and how it builds from the ground up. That reality includes those anomalies and how they can be explained. It's time to think the unthinkable!




You tend to associate lack of causality, on the macro scale, with free will. What you decide to have for dinner tonight has no prior cause, just your spur-of-the-moment whim. It's all free will and free will alone, pure and simple.


However, on the micro scale of fields and forces and particles, you often find they also do whatever they damn well please – no causality need apply. A perfect example is radioactivity. There's no apparent cause why one unstable nucleus goes poof and an identical clone living next door doesn't. In fact if something like radioactivity happens for no apparent reason at all, yet that happening follows one precise mathematical relationship (one out of numerous theoretical possibilities) then that surely implies some sort of intelligent manipulation behind the scenes. The Virtual Reality writing is on the wall for all to see.


Either you have to accept that the fields, forces and particles that collectively make up the Standard Model of Particle (nee Quantum) Physics have free will and thus are somehow ‘alive' and ‘animated' in some sense (although their free will comes with some restrictions just like your free will comes with restrictions – you can't flap your arms and fly or hold your breath underwater for three straight hours), OR  else it is all programming software which implies an intelligence (a Supreme Programmer**) somewhere on up the line.




An electron can have this amount of energy corresponding to this ‘orbit' (around an atomic nucleus) or that energy level corresponding to a different ‘orbit' or this other energy level corresponding to a third possible ‘orbit', etc. but not any energy level (and thus ‘orbit') in-between (since energy comes in single indivisible quantum packets). Energy thus is a discontinuous phenomenon; just like you can have coins in multiples of five cents (I'm talking Australia here) like five cents, ten cents, fifteen cents, etc. You cannot have a coinage value of seven cents or of nine-point-three cents.


Here's the rub. When an electron gains or loses energy, it rises or drops it's ‘orbit'. But where the hell is it when it is rising, or falling between allowable ‘orbits'? Is it in The Twilight Zone or in another dimension or in Wonderland keeping Alice company? Being in-between allowable ‘orbits' equates to having a forbidden energy level that would correspond to that in-between state. It would be like having a six, then seven, then eight, and then a nine cent coin as you increased the value of your pocket change from five cents to ten cents.


A similar situation could be had for the anomaly known as quantum tunneling. A particle is here on one side of a barrier, then it is there on the other side of the barrier – instantaneously – never to be found in-between.


Of course virtual reality software could easily have our electron disappear and reappear as it quantum jumped from one allowable ‘orbit' to another allowable ‘orbit' or as it tunneled over, around or through the barrier.




The standard macro analogy to an atom (nucleus and electron cloud surrounding it) is trying to picture a gnat (the nucleus) in the middle of Westminster Abbey with a cloud of bacteria (the electrons) around the walls, ceiling and floor and thus surrounding the gnat. In other words, there's a hell of a lot of empty space inside your everyday atom. That might suggest that electromagnetic radiation, photons, would have no trouble in passing right on through an atom without intersecting anything and thus being hindered on its uninterrupted journey.


So why isn't everything transparent? Why doesn't light go right through you? Why are some things transparent (air, glass) and some things (of equal density and thickness) opaque for a specific wavelength/frequency of ‘light' (light here being not just visible light but infrared light and radio light and microwave light, etc. not that the energy value of the photons of ‘light' should matter since it is traveling through what's for all practical purposes ‘empty' space). Further, photons have no electric charge properties that would hinder their passing straight through your average atom.  


A quick anomalous point – light passes through air. You can look clear through roughly 100 miles of atmosphere and see the sun and moon and stars, etc. Add a bit of smog or fog and things get a bit on the opaque side, yet the overall thickness and density of the clear air, or air-smog mix, isn't drastically different. It's still 99.99% empty space. Something's screwy somewhere unless of course there's additional programming that counters the scenario.




Traditional wave-particle duality is according to one interpretation a complementary but either/or phenomenon. Sometimes light/particle experiments show results that prove a pure 100% wave phenomena is responsible; sometimes however other light/particle experiments show results that prove a pure 100% particles phenomena is the only possible interpretation. That doesn't make a great deal of sense unless there is a higher power (a Supreme Programmer) pulling the strings – or programming the program.




The late Nobel Prize winning quantum physicist, Richard Feynman, thought the Double Slit Experiment (and variations on the theme) was the heart and soul behind the anomaly that is Quantum Physics. It was the ultimate anomaly in a sea of anomalies that could not, in any shape, manner or form, be explained by any sort of, or resort to, classical physics available in the observable Universe. 


1 - If photons, electrons, Buckminsterfullerene molecules (Bucky-balls), etc. are fired in rapid succession at a single slit, with a detector (like say photographic film or a TV screen) behind the slit, then a quasi-blob of impacts are detected. Particles rule, okay!


2 - If photons, electrons, Bucky-balls, etc. are fired in rapid succession at a double slit, with a detector behind the dual slits, then a classic wave interference (constructive and destructive interference) pattern emerges. Waves rule, okay!


3 - If photons, electrons, Bucky-balls, etc. are fired one at a time, at a single slit, such that one photon, etc. completes the journey before the next one is fired off, again with a detector behind the slit, then a quasi-blob of impacts are ultimately detected. Particles rule, okay!


4 - If photons, electrons, Bucky-balls, etc. are fired one at a time at a double slit, such that one photon, etc. completes the journey before the next one is fired off, again with a detector behind the slits, then ultimately after enough firings, a classic wave interference (constructive and destructive) pattern emerges. Waves! However, that implies one photon, electron, Bucky-ball, etc. somehow manages to go through both slits at the same time and thus interferes with itself. That's absurd. But you ain't seen anything yet!


4A - The above assumes nobody (human observer or independent measuring device) is peeking and taking the slightest notice of what's going on – the non-observing nobodies are just looking at the pattern on the detector screen after the fact; after the experiment has concluded. 


4B - However, if someone, human observer or independent measuring device, is peeking and taking absolute and total notice of what's going on, and determining at the precise time of passage which of the two slits the lone photon, etc. is actually going through (on the grounds that one entity cannot pass through two doors at the same time) then the wave interference pattern doesn't eventuate and you get a quasi-blob of particle hits on the detector behind each of the two slits. Somehow the photon, etc. is somehow ‘aware' that it is being observed and changes it's self-interfering behavior accordingly – keeping in mind that the very act of observing before-the-fact unobserved properties of a photon, etc. alters those properties after-the-fact, since you can't observe something without mucking around with it.  


4C - What if someone, human observer or independent measuring device, peeks, but only after the photon, etc. has already passed through presumably, but absurdly, both slits and self-interfered with itself? That shouldn't affect the ultimate wave outcome since it's now too little to late for the photon, etc. to change its mind. Or so you would think. But again, irregardless, the wave interference pattern disappears even after the peeking is done after the photon, etc. has passed through both slits and self-interfered. The one very nasty and anomalous implication is that the photon, etc. has traveled back in time to just before, or when it was, initially emitted so as to now make the ‘correct' choice and thus will pass through one and only one slit to correlate what it actually does with what is actually detected. 


5 - Summary: If you turn your back and don't peek, and there's a double slit available, the detector screen, and therefore you, will detect a wave pattern because the photon, etc. will pass through both slits and self-interfere.


If you don't turn your back away from the action, but do a peeping-Tom act, double slit notwithstanding, the detector screen and therefore you will detect a particle (quasi-blob) pattern behind each slit.


The two very disturbing facets are that a photon, etc. displays awareness, and free will, as well as exhibiting the ability to travel backwards in time. Photons, etc. not only know before-the-fact whether or not both slits are open (two open slits equals wave behavior); or that one or the other slit is open (either/or equals particle behavior), but also whether or not someone is peeking. If both holes (slits) are open and nobody is peeking we end up having wave interference behavior; if someone is peeking even if both holes (slits) are open, we get particle quasi-blob behavior. That means the photons, etc. know (how is that possible?) and adjust and exercise their free will (how is that possible?) accordingly.


6 – Conclusion: Now either you've got to believe we exist in The Twilight Zone #One where denizens of the micro world have an awareness of their surroundings and possess some degree of free will to react to and within those surroundings, OR you believe we live in The Twilight Zone #Two where said denizens of the micro world are programmed by higher authority** to behave in the way we see and measure them behave.




One of the fundamental bedrocks beloved by physicists is their love of symmetry, especially with respect to time, charge and parity.


Physics should work as we know it whether time is considered positive or negative***. It doesn't matter if you go 50 miles per negative hour for 10 negative hours, you still travel 500 miles. Or, imagine two electrons (call them A and B) traveling towards in time, each approaching the other. When they get close enough, they will repel each other (both being of the same negative charge) by exchanging a virtual photon. But which electron emitted the virtual photon? It might have been A to B forward in time, but it is just as probable that it might have been B to A backwards in time. It's symmetrical either way you care to look at it. And of course any negative time that's squared in any equation reverts to positive time.


Physics and chemistry should work as we know it even if positrons (antimatter electrons) ‘orbited' around nuclei comprised of antiprotons and antineutrons (collectively anti-nucleons). So charge is symmetric.


Parity is your left-right mirror image. Physics should remain the same when viewed in a mirror. Mirror light still comes out of a mirror image flashlight; gravity still makes mirror image apples fall to the mirror image ground. The distinction between left and right should hold no sway in physics. Unfortunately, while charge and time are totally symmetrical with respect to the operations in physics, there's an ‘oops' in parity. The ‘oops' is not in electromagnetism, nor in gravity, nor in the strong nuclear force (which hold the nucleons (protons and neutrons) in a tight embrace in the nucleus. Parity however is not conserved in weak nuclear force interactions. Physicists might say that Mother Nature has a slight bias towards the left; some theologians might suggest that God is a weak lefthander; I might put it that our Supreme Programmer introduced into some software subroutines a code favoring a slight left-handed slant.   


So symmetry holds in 11 out of 12 cases – four forces (electromagnetism, gravity, and the strong and the weak nuclear forces) times three symmetry operations (time, charge and parity) with only the parity of the weak force being the odd one out. There's something screwy somewhere!




In the macro world no two ‘identical' products, inanimate or animate, are actually identical down to the Nth detail – not even identical twins. But in the micro world that's not the case. All photons are identical, even when they have differing energy levels. All heavy hydrogen atoms are identical, ditto so are all those up-quarks or tau neutrinos. Why this should be so is not readily apparent from first principles on up the line. However, it's easy to code any particle, and whenever that code appears, you have an identical particle appear.  




It's not at all clear (to me at least), how the rather limited properties we associate with electrons, neutrons and protons, can, just by changing their relative numbers in association with each other, morph into all of the wide variety of properties associated with the chemical elements.


Further, it's not at all clear (to me at least), how the properties of the chemical elements can ‘combine' to form molecules with vastly differing properties from those of its parents. For example, a yellowish and to us poisonous gas (chlorine), plus an explosive (in water) silver metal (sodium) can morph into properties we associate with a whitish quasi-translucent solid crystal - table salt (sodium chloride).


Further again, it's not at all clear (to me at least), how memory and creativity (and not just in humans) can be stored and manipulated in terms of chemistry, organic chemistry, biochemistry or neurochemistry. Of course it's easy to encode ‘memory' into software and with the rise and rise of artificial intelligence, can creativity be far behind?




Though bordering on the fringe, some bona-fide astronomers strongly suggest from both the observational and the theoretical point of view that the extreme large-scale structure of the cosmos exhibits a fractal pattern (and there is some extensive literature on the subject). To me however, fractals are primarily a mathematical construction; the product of a mathematical mind, and as such, if there is a fractal cosmos, that's very strong evidence for a Supreme Programmer. 




It's just about time here to cite Arthur C. Clarke's Third Law, which notes that "any sufficiently advanced technology (i.e. – a Supreme Programmer, for example) is indistinguishable from [quantum physics] magic". 


To his dying day, Einstein insisted that there were hidden variables that would, when discovered account for those various quantum anomalies – quantum magic. Those hidden variables would ultimately unite quantum physics with classical physics. Unfortunately for Einstein, experiments have since ‘proved' that there are no hidden variables of the type Einstein had in mind. That's because IMHO the hidden variable, which Einstein couldn't have envisioned in even his wildest imagination, is the Supreme Programmer who creates our Simulated (Virtual Reality) Universe. 


Not only can the Simulated (Virtual Reality) Universe scenario account for the above hardcore but seemingly magical anomalies in physics (and chemistry), but perhaps the Supreme Programmer left us these clues, inadvertently or deliberately, such as, in the macro world, those enigmatic crop ‘circles' for which no other theory makes any absolute sense, common or otherwise.


* It is impossible to know the absolute really real nature of reality since we cannot know the properties of the micro world without measuring/observing them and the act of measuring/observing affects, even distorts, those properties. But, the measuring device is unbiased and independent measurements yield identical results so the disturbances, if any, are at least consistent. Further, theoretical predictions about the properties and reality of potential fundamental particles have all been realized. The predictions that there had to be neutrinos, antimatter, quarks, the particles that convey the weak nuclear force, even the Higgs Boson have all come to pass, so really real reality can't differ all that much from what we observe and measure. 


** Not by any means of necessity a deity! A real deity wouldn't stuff things up and give us a Universe that has all the hallmarks that enable me to say that something is screwy somewhere!


*** Not to be confused with the concept of running a film backwards.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/science-articles/evidence-in-support-of-your-virtual-reality-6882174.html

About the Author

Science librarian; retired.

The Greys vs Reptilians


Author: Joseph Ante

Humans are naturally peaceful and non-violent. This is our natural temperament and nature. It is only with great effort that humans are made to turn violent and harm others. The positive and negative type of alien contact with humans are the primary reason for all violence in the world today. Negative aliens have used the Earth as a mine for gold and copper in the past. But today the main reason for contact is emotional energy. The negative aliens use human emotional and psyche energy as a drug because they are so unemotional and cold by nature. The intense negative emotions of anger and hate generate large amounts of this human emotional energy as does sexual human energy. And so often negative aliens will influence humans to violence, wars, and increased sexual activity to generate the human energy which is addictive to them.

The negative aliens of the past were called demons and today they are called Reptilians. The positive aliens we call the Grey's today. The Grey's are a very spiritual culture that reside on the Ethereal Plane and have delayed their stay in the lower worlds to complete individual spiritual perfection. Currently they know only a collective spiritual consciousness because they are collectively telepathic.

The Reptilians would have us believe they reside on the physical plane but they do not. They reside on the Astral plane just above the Physical Earth plane of existence. Both the positive and negative aliens are equally beneficial to mankind. Both positive and negative is needed to provide the motivation and experiences of human life. Both are necessary alien teachers today which provides the environment in which we live.

The Grey's are now uplifting humanity with many inventions and ideas that are implanted into the collective human psyche. Much of the total control of the reptilians is being neutralized as humans gain more direct control over their own actions. This is all a divine plan for mankind to teach man the lessons of both the positive and the negative aspects of existence. Both positive and negative are of equal value and importance.

As the Reptilians and the Grey's "fight" one another for control of the minds and hearts of humanity they also gain much in learning and experience which they need to know themselves and God. So all those concerned grow in experiences and spirit as the dance of the positive and the negative plays out in our lower worlds.

Peace and War are the opposite poles of the positive and the negative experiences of man. Both are easily achieved by alien intervention. But the deciding factor is human desire or will. When the collective human desires are weighed for peace then peace reigns. And when the collective human desires for war are greater wars erupt. It is our own individual and collective emotional and psychic votes for peace or war that result in the outer reality of life. It is our own news medias that drums us into a frenzy for wars or peace.

The angelic kingdom is the main referee and neutral decider of events for this human alien interplay of life. They grant that which they deem the greatest benefit to mankind or whichever the collective mind of mankind favors.

Of the two states war has benefited mankind most in the past. In war peoples fill the churches with a search for spiritual answers and contact with God. But in peace humans are full of consumerism and greed and turn to worldly pursuits. So think not so poorly of the negative aspects of war and violence for they teach mankind well and motivate souls to turn their attention to God and Spirit. The play of life is this positive and negative dance of existence which gives mankind the soul experiences of life.

In times past the religions of the day knew many ways to limit contact with the negative demons. The bronze church bells were the primary means of disrupting the demonic influences over humans. But today modern churches have replaced their ancient bronze bells with recorded music which has no effect. It is the actual expansive sound wave form of a circular bell that can disrupt this psychic and emotions connection of the reptilians.

Without the creativity of the Grey's and the industry of the Reptilians mankind would still be eating fruits from the trees and picking fleas from each others backsides and spiritual matters would never come to our attentions. Most all inventions and written literature and performed art is the result of the Grey alien contact today. Most all government, military, and social organizations are the result of Reptilian influences. Humans have much to be thankful for in this dual alien contest and interplay of wills upon the surface of the Earth.

Today the Reptilians must evolve to a more balanced human hybrid in order to experience the drug of human emotions to which they have become addicted. The Grey's are evolving human-hybrid bodies of individual spiritual perfection instead of a single spiritual collective Grey consciousness. And Earth's humanity is evolving to govern itself and know direct spiritual contact with God. All of God's children are evolving and learning in the interplay of life and existence. So think not good or evil of life for we all receive that which is most needed for us to progress and learn in our time. If you seek respite from life's illusions and the play of good and evil go within to Spirit and God. Shalom.

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/philosophy-articles/peace-and-war-the-alien-agendas-by-je-ante-2261894.html

About the Author

J.E. Ante, Graduate University of Indianapolis BA 1972, Head of the Life Science Institute Health Library, original organizer of first Earth Day in 1970 and local ZPG chapter in Indiana, Population and Environment Editor with Reflector at Indianapolis University, 12yr organic gardener with fruit, nuts, and berries, lifelong student of Out-of-Body spiritual techniques.( http://www.articlesbase.com/authors/joseph-ante/201241.htm )

Shapeshifting Reptilians

Do Shapeshifting Lizards Run the World - Reptilians

Author: Robert W. Benjamin

The TV series "V" had aliens reaching planet earth assuming human form and earthlings welcomed them with open arms and having them for supper. Until they realized the aliens were reptiles in humanoid disguise out to rule the world. Now it may be an interesting pop culture subject but it's not surprising altogether that there are conspiracy theories that actually hold people in business, politics and government as shape-shifting reptiles looking like humans and now controlling the world.

Two theories account for these reptiles among us. First, they have existed and have been with the human race since the dawn of recorded history and have been guiding us in our agriculture and industries to attain our modern lifestyles.

Their continent Lemuria had sunk and the survivors were able to reach other continents and with their uncanny abilities to shape-shift, were able to meld with the barbaric and ancient cultures in other continents. And Second, they are Aliens from a distant planet who have identified planet earth as their second home and have created humans over whom they can have dominion.

The English writer David Vaughan Icke is the prime author of this conspiracy that would have the world believe that the British Royalty, US Presidents and noted Industrialists and businessmen as lizards in disguise. It has nothing to do with the observed phenomenon that many heads of states think like lizards but more as a conspiracy made up of a secret elite group of reptilian humanoids out to control the world.

His main basic argument revolves around a race of reptiles called Anunnaki from the planet Draco who have figured all throughout history with a claim that the human race was created by them and is controlled by a network of secret societies he calls the Babylonian Brotherhood represented in the Illuminati, the House of Windsor, the Rothschilds and the Rockefellers, the round table, the UN, the Bilderberg group, the IMF, even the media, religion, the military and the Internet.

He had written four major and 16 books on the subject over 7 years and appeared on numerous lecture circuits around the world since 2000 attracting more than 30,000 audiences. This has made him a controversial figure and dubbed as the leader of New Age conspiracism that has attracted a sizable following across various segments of society, including politics. His 533-page "The Biggest Secret" published in 1999 became the cornerstone or the Rosetta Stone of the conspiracy theory.

True or not, David Icke has some serious following that has spawned numerous websites on the subject some of which border on the humorous and satirical on the sad state of earthly existence.

There is a website that describes The Reptilians and numerous other topics of interest such as conspiracies, secret technology, ufos, secret weapons research, bible end times predictions and many other such subjects, this website is called: The Great Deception and it may be found at this url: http://www.great-deception.com

You may publish this article in your ezine, newsletter or on your web site as long as it is reprinted in its entirety and without modification except for formatting needs or grammar corrections.  

Article Source: http://www.articlesbase.com/metaphysics-articles/do-shapeshifting-lizards-run-the-world-reptilians-3192528.html

About the Author

Robert W. Benjamin has been in the software business since the 1970's on the C64, AMIGA, and WINDOWS Computer Systems. He has won magazine awards for the 'Game of the Month', and more, in several European computer magazines.

The Great Deception