Earth was populated before ‘Adam': creational metaphysics is beyond limits of horizontal quest of scienceAuthor: Dr. P.R.Palodhi
By Dr. P. R. Palodhi
‘Behold thy Lord said to the Angels; "I will create a vice gerent on earth." They said: "wilt Thou place therein one who will make mischief there in and shed blood? – whilst we do celebrate Thy praises and glorify Thy Holy Name?" ‘God said: "I know what ye know not." ‘And He taught Adam the nature of all things' (Qur'an, 2: 30-31).
Above verse in Qur'an clearly points to that: before Adam's arrival, the Angels were quite aware of a population which already lived upon earth by making mischief and blood shed. Bible specifically brings to our notice that there have been pre-Adamic and co-Adamic races on earth when it informs about Anakim and Nephilim etc who even have interbred with the Adamic race. And Qur'an ratifies this by revealing that this earth is inhabited by ‘Mankind' that includes both the people of Jinn kind and people of humankind (people from Jinns an people from humans - Q, 72:6) -- after God allowed Jinn tribes of Iblis to live for a period by mutually sharing of wealth and children with Adamites (see: Qur'an, 17:64)
As we turn to Bible (OT) records: events which precede the creation of man (namely, the first five days of creation; man was created on the sixth day). With regard to Adam's creation (Gen.2: 7-8) it mentions about creation of man from ‘dust of the ground', ‘breathing into nostrils', and ‘the planting of the Garden Eden' in this earth; all these are meant for only Adam and not for pre-Adamites. English Bible is written such a way that it appears that the man was called Man or Adam because both were formed from the ingredients of ground earth (ha-‘Adamah in Heb). This view of the word implies that it was originally not a proper name; a closer examination of the narrative will show that the word is primarily used in a generic sense, and not as the name of an individual. In Gen. 1 (27) use of the word ‘man' and male female is wholly generic; the first conceivable sense of ‘Adam as person' appears in Gen.2 (7-8). In Gen.2, and 3, the writer weaves together the generic and the personal senses of the word. Thereby it pertains to the first man as the passive subject of creative and the providential action is exclusively generic. It is not clear in Bible whether it used "Adam" as a proper name at all before Gen, 4: 25 (J) and Gen, 5: 3 (P). Here the same usage is manifest: for in the two opening verses of Gen, 5, the word is used generically. It may also be observed that the writer in Gen. 2, 3 always says "the man" instead of "Adam," even when the personal reference is intended, except after a preposition, where, however, a vowel has probably been dropped from the text. Adam is not referred to in the later Old Testament books which came via decision of the Council, except in the genealogy of I Chron. J. F. McC.
Removing the accrued confusions God revealed in Qur'an that Adam was created at last from ‘clay', but there were Jinns who had been created from ‘fire'. It implies that before the receptacle for ‘Soul' was made up of ‘fire' in case of pre-human Jinns; afterwards it was changed into ‘clay' which limited the capacity of exerting the self-will like fiery Jinns. As regard mental faculty, God bestowed upon Adam a special knowledge which pre-human Jinns lacked. Pre-human Jinns had experience of living countless more aeons than Adam and the humans (compare Gen.1:27-28 and Gen. 2:7), hence were quite familiar with the art of living upon the earth. They lived with the knowledge of heaven and earth; they with habits of stealing heaven's secret they knew few mysteries of the stars (as reflected in their astrology); they knew how to make use of plants, water and mineral sources etc to cure themselves from various illnesses – and many more such ways of the ancient world. But Qur'an (Surah Al-Jinn) revealed that these pre-human Jinns mostly turned to Satan's way of denying God. They lacked the natural ability for the ‘reason' conversant with sensuality, passions and daily needs like that of and earthy body of humans; they possessed 'wild imaginations' but not the knowledge based upon 'proof'; thus they failed in reflecting to the Creator God's omnipotence in programming of ultra-structural facets with definite subjective and objective purposes. Hence, God created humans after Adam by adding a special pristine intellect that has potentiality to gravitate towards the knowledge of the pre-mental realities and the ‘requirement of causality'.
Vast antiquity of mankind has regularly been mentioned in Indian, Greek and Roman literatures, as do the claims that the world and mankind have always existed. The first known debate about human antiquity took place in 170 AD between Theophilus of Antioch and an Egyptian pagan Apollonius, who argued that the world was 153,075 years old. The most serious early challenge to Biblical Adamism came from the Roman Emperor Julian the Apostate who, upon his rejection of Christianity and his conversion to Theurgy, a late form of Neoplatonism, accepted the idea that many pairs of original people had been created, a belief termed Co-Adamism or multiple-Adamism. Genesis 1:27-28 might allow for co-creation of multiple pairs, if the word ‘them' were construed accordingly: ‘So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. And God blessed them, and God said to them, "Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the earth and subdue it;..." In addition, if a framework of strictly sequential chronology were adopted in interpreting the order of these texts from the ancient Middle East, it might be argued that Adam, and therefore Eve, in terms of God's time are created a little later (Gen. 2:7) than the type of man created in Genesis 1:27-28.
As regard the question of Pre-Adamites existence, in 1555 Isaac de La Peyrère, a Calvinist of a noble family of Bordeaux and a follower of the Prince of Condé, published in close succession two works: "Præadamitæ, seu Exercitationes super versibus 12, 13, et 14 ep. Pauli ad Romanos" and "Systema theologicum ex Præadamitarum hypothesi. Pars prima". He maintained that Adam is not the father of the whole human race, but only of the Chosen People. La Peyrère confirmed his hypothesis by an appeal to other scriptural passages: Cain's fear of being killed (Genesis 4:14), his flight, his marriage, his building of a city (Genesis 4:15, 16), are pointed out as so many indications of the existence of other men than Adam and Eve. The author also claims that ancient Jewish and Mohammedan tradition favours his Pre-Adamite theory. The chosen people spring from Adam and Eve, while the Gentiles are the descendants of ancestors created before Adam. The creation of pre-Adamic races took place on the sixth day, and is related in Genesis 1:26, while Adam was formed after the rest on the seventh day as narrated in Genesis 2:7. But this translated version of Bible has not provided the right message; the esoteric Prophetic transmissions of Hebrews and Muslims inform that Adam was created in the 3rd hour of the sixth day (in terms of God's time), and Eve in the 6th hour. St Augustine's book The City of God contains two chapters indicating a debate between Christians and Pagans over human origins: Book XII, chapter 10 is called "Of the falseness of the history that the world hath continued many thousand years", while that of book XVIII, chapter 40 is "The Egyptians' abominable lyings, to claim their wisdom the age of 100,000 years". As the titles indicate, Augustine clearly believed that Pagan ideas concerning the history and chronology of both the world and the human race were completely absurd and incompatible with the revealed truth that man's existence on the earth was not yet six thousand years old. Augustine's position on this matter was supported by most rabbis and also by the church fathers, who generally dismissed views on the antiquity of the world as myths and fables not requiring any considered refutation . After these publications criticism flared up; but neither the scriptural arguments (based upon unauthentic translated version of Bible) are valid in terms of authentic revealed words, nor are those scientific perceptions that fall short in realizing the difference between the ‘Theories' of science which pass by, and the ‘Facts' which prevail transcending what people guess or believe or say.
Intriguing imports from our remote Pagan ancestors:
In conventional view of science the age of the Earth is 4,500,000,000 (4 1/2 billion) years. And very intriguingly the Pagan traditions all over the world, separated by the time, places, cultures and languages, always have talked about a ‘same time span' of 432,000 years.
Andrew Thomas (‘The Home of the Gods', p. 129) writes:
"In India, the number of years assigned to an eon (A ‘Great Cycle' Mahayuga of cosmic time) is 4,320,000; whereas in Icelandic Poetic Edda it is declared that in Othin's warrior hall, Valhalla, there are 540 doors, through each of which, on the ‘day of the war of the wolf,' 800 battle-ready warriors will pass to engage the antigods in combat. "But 540 X 800 equals: 432,000!"
In ‘Hamlet's Mill' (by Giorgio de Santillana and Hertha von Dechend, Gambit Inc. 1969, p. 162) it states: "Odin in Valhalla says the Grinmnismal (23): ‘Five hundred gates and forty more - are in the mighty building of Valhalla - eight hundred ‘Einherier' come out of each one gate - on the time they go out on defence against the Wolf." It continues with, "That makes 432,000 in all, a number significance from old." "This number must have very ancient meaning, for it is also the number of syllables in the Rigveda. But it goes back to the basic figure 10,800, the number of stanzas in the Rigveda (40 syllables to a stanza) which together with 108 occurs insistently in Indian tradition. 10,800 is also the number which has been given by Heraclitus for the duration of the Aion, according to Censorius (Dedienatali, 18), whereas Berossos made the Babylonian Great Year to last 432,000 years."
Chaldean priest, Berossos, writing in Greek ca. 289 BC, reported that according to Mesopotamian belief 432,000 years elapsed between the crowning of the first earthly king and the coming of the deluge. [The early Sumerian king list names eight kings with a total of 241,200 years from the time when "the kingship was lowered from heaven" to the time when "the Flood swept" over the land once more "the kingship was lowered from heaven" (Thorkild Jacobsen, The Sumerian King List, 1939, pp. 71, 77). It is thus clear that these figures could have arisen independently in India, Iceland, and Babylon. To complete one cycle of the zodiac -- or, as it is called, one ‘Great' or ‘Platonic Year' -- requires 25,920 years; which sum, divided by 60, (One soss, the founding unit of the old Mesopotamia sexagenary scale, still used for the measurement of circles, whether of space or time), yields, once again the number 432.
Our valid probe into the pagan heritage of pre-historic antiquity could begin only from the deciphered texts of ancient Near East. Discernable records of ancient customs and practices are absent before writing was developed around 3000 BC. But traditions of pre-human gods and humans existed for several millennia before 3000 BC in both pre and post Flood worlds. Conventional history traces roots of pre-human and human civilization in Mesopotamia of Euphrates-Tigris valley, Egypt of Nile valley, Indus valley and Hoang-Ho valley from around 6000 BC. Evidence of the written documents started coming only after 2000 BC after Flood, because all those different traditions have especially one common legacy – that each one carries the myths of ‘Noah's Flood'. This indicates that these written archives come from the post-Flood civilizations conveying both concurrent and inherited ancient religions from their ancestors. Linguistic, philological and geopolitical evidences confirm that extant texts of the old world and the excavated archaeological relics are outcomes of prolonged developmental phases evidently following the remotely archaic religious roots. Inklings of antique religions come to us in the fragments of ceremonial documents preserved on stone, clay tablet and papyrus etc written in cuneiform, hieroglyphic; and we know that such pictorial forms were the forerunners of our present form of alphabetic languages. Mythological texts of Near East tell us stories of 4000 years' usurpations of demigod cults via rise and fall of Sumerians, Akkadians, Babylonians, Assyrians, and Ugarits etc. Amidst the variegated mythological constructs, theology in deciphered texts of Mesopotamia and Egypt has exposed two opposite directions – one conspicuously towards extensive polytheism by way of multiplying the concept of God and worshipping local gods, goddesses and cultural heroes very often with borrowed attributes of a Creator God. And the other tacitly goes in the direction of monotheism similar to universally common ‘revealed principles' of our known Abrahamic religions. Reason behind such division is obvious; the knowledge of God is traditionally inherited by both pre-human Jinns and humans since when the earth was of one language and one speech (Gen, 11: 1-8) and God has sent Messengers/Angels also to the pre-human Jinns (Q, 6:130) – but some accepted God, and others rejected and turned to Paganism.
After deciphering the Babylonian texts we find that: under the tutelage of Sumerians people in Mesopotamia were answering to the Anunnaki (and Bible corroborated it as Anakim). Sumerian and Egyptian texts dating from 2000 BC tell us the stories of pre-human gods of remote past; we hear that ‘Enki' establishing himself in ancient Sumeria as the "lord (en) of the earth (ki)", keeper of the divine power "Me", as the gift for civilization. A composition called ‘Enki and world order' has described how water god Enki moves around organizing the world.
Gradually innumerable pagan gods and goddesses are found to overwhelm the ancient civilizations. A distinct tradition of polytheism began to emerge with abundant stone idols to be worshiped in specially constructed temples where access was limited to distinguished class of priests only who could serve the needs of gods and goddesses. Enki's youngest son, Ningizzida, was Lord of the ‘Tree of Truth', in Mesopotamia. He played the role of Thoth in Egypt. The ancient Mystery School Teachings of Thoth were past down to his initiates who became the priests. They hid the secret knowledge of creation, passing it down through the ages until the experiment was to end. The aspect of Anubis (Anpu) connected with the wisdom of the underworld, particularly in regard to its Mysteries, hence very little is known of this phase except what is mentioned mainly by Plutarch and Apuleius. In this aspect Anubis was ‘the revealer of the mysteries of the lower world'. The most ancient language in the world was known to all initiates from Atlantis to Maya to Egypt, India and China. Notable protagonist of Pagan religion H.P. Blavatsky says it is the language in which the oldest book in the world was written and the tongue whence she translated the many volumes of Kiu-Ti and The Stanzas of Dyzan. They believe that universal script might have been brought from Venus by the ‘Kumaras.' It embodied in its characters the original circle, triangle, cross, tau, pentagram, swastika, etc. Researchers now have discovered many of the Pagan pillars called ‘Runic stones' Modern linguists think that Runes posses another kind of meaning, which we cannot find in ideograms, hieroglyphs or in modern exotic alphabets – this meaning exists in sub-consciousness level.
[A Younger Futhark inscription on the 12th century Vaksala Runestone inSweden]
Runes were the personification of the surrounding world, essence of outlook. With the help of special links between Runes a man could express nearly everything, compiling them (so called combined Runes). In different times Runes could change their meaning, so we can say this adjusting system created dozens of meanings of one and the same symbol. (Linguists find confirmation of this theory in the following example – every Rune in different languages had separate and original meaning, which didn't fully coincide with another one in the second language. Some scholars have cautioned that the Akashic* records are kept in the astral by chief Anunnaki agents, who often modify, re-write and tamper with them to suit their purposes. The Anunnaki Elites have repeatedly re-started the illusion of time from the Earth by using the atu-waa. When the illusion of time is re-started, many things are affected. These include loss of memory of the past in the physical realms as well as in the astral realms. Therefore, there are no perfect records left (except Qur'an, which God Himself protects) after each re-start of the illusion of time. Many people who have stumbled upon the Akashic records have been fooled by the Anunnaki deceptions. [*Akasha: The fifth element, is represented on a pentagram by the topmost point. Spirit, and spiritual power, this is the energy which forms the other four elements. Akasha can be thought of as that which everything else is part of - the Lord and Lady, spiritual energy, physical objects, human souls - everything is connected through Akasha.]
‘And to how many populations did I give respites, which were given to wrong-doing? In the end I punish them. To Me is the destination of all.' (Qur'an, 22: 48)
Extinct pre-historic skulls (Photo source: puppstheories.com)
Earth age and evolution:
The subject of antiquity of pre-humans and humans demands our reflection into conventional views of ‘earth age' and the ‘theories of evolution'. As we turn to age of this earth, it is primarily derived from two dating techniques: radiometric dating and the geological timescale. Creationists who advocate the younger age of about 6000 years insist that radiometric dating is flawed in that it is founded upon a series of faulty assumptions, while the geological timescale is flawed in that it employs circular reasoning. But Creationists need to consider the multitudes of cases in which different radiometric methods yield essentially the same answer for the same material. In fact, we can't find any naturally-occurring isotopes with half-lives of less than 70 million years or so, unless they are products of on-going processes, like carbon14. We only find the very slowly-decaying isotopes, those with half-lives much longer than 70 million years. This is exactly what we would expect of an earth that is billions of years old. Creationists make much ado about "there being not enough helium in the atmosphere" for the earth to be billions of years old, but helium balance is now realized as far more complicated where factors such as geomagnetic "sweeping" of helium at the earth's poles must be considered. However, flaws in radiometric and geological dating do not mean that younger age theory based upon 24 hours a God's day has any validity either. Biblical sectarianism remains bigot in claiming that every word of Bible is from God without even knowing who wrote Yahvist and Elohist texts with many inconsistencies. Qur'an has clearly pointed that God's day is different from ‘day of man' based upon sun – hence in Genesis we find that God's day began long before the creation of sun in 4th day.
Proposed theories of ‘creationism' are not truly Biblical just as theories of ‘evolutionists' are not truly scientific. Until 19th century in the west, Christian theology formed the basis of theory of Creationism which relied upon the claims based upon their-like interpretation of Bible:
(1) World is of short duration (at the most 5757 years old).
(2) World is fixed and not changing.
(3) Created species are constant, and do not evolve into other species.
(4) Perfect world is explicable only by omnipotent and beneficent Creator.
(5) Creation of man was special and apart from other created things.
This was the view held in the west until 1859 when the modern theory of Evolution was introduced by Charles Darwin, in his work, titled ‘On the origin of Species'. This theory claimed:
(1) Creation has taken place on earth not by any design of the supraliminal Intelligence of God.
(2) It is driven by natural selection and chance happening (mutation).
How did he arrive at these two components of evolution? Darwin decided at the age of twenty that the Bible was a fraud. He claimed he felt no distress and never doubted for a single second that his conclusion was correct . In a disarming article, T. Dobzhansky admits that his own beliefs are based on anything but exhaustive evidence and that others with competent knowledge of that evidence do not agree with his conclusions . From 1835-36, Darwin went on a voyage in south Atlantic and Pacific, which provided him ample opportunity to observe various species on land. He was struck at a particular geographical area by the variety within each species (although definition of ‘species' was not known in his time). In 1838, Darwin was influenced by the essay on the ‘Principle of Population', anonymously published by Malthus. This gave Darwin the idea of selection of the fittest by Nature, or survival of the fittest. This evolutionary work shocked people, who so far knew only the Creationism. Darwin was joined by Ernest Heckle and T. H. Huxley in developing the atheist theory and declared that man must have evolved from ape like ancestor, thus putting man in the phyllogenetic tree of animal kingdom. This challenged ‘Creationism' of Biblical tradition and eventually gave rise to atheism in England. Prior to this Germany and France had already alienated themselves from religion. Later on Karl Marx also banked upon Darwin's work to promote communism, and Lenin created scientific museum on Darwinism in order to remove the Christian faith from People's life. Atheism has emerged recurrently in Western thought since Democritus and Epicurus argued for it in the context of their materialism, while Plato argued against atheism in the Laws.
Evolutionary scientists mock the idea of creation by Intelligent Design as unscientific, and not worthy of scientific examination. For something to be considered a ‘science,' they argue it must be able to be observed and tested; it must be naturalistic. What they doff from their ‘rationale' is the very fact that priori knowledge is not within limits of human access. Creation is by definition "supernatural". God and the supernatural cannot be observed or tested; therefore, neither theories concerning creationism, nor evolution can be considered as science, but evolutionists carry on by remaining willfully blind on the pertinent issues. As a result, all data is filtered through the preconceived, presupposed, and pre-accepted theory of evolution, without alternate explanations being considered. It is rather a tragic impasse of the secular rationalists who remain willingly blind in reflecting to the compatibility between authentic ‘revealed guidance' and facts unveiled by the science. Their willful blindness is exposed especially when they are found to stop short at the very questions they themselves have raised! The first is ‘What is the origin of the Genetic Codes? And second is the strikingly evident phenomenon with respect to ‘the factors determining the increase of information over the course of time in the Genetic Code (M. Bucaille, 2002).
However such modus operandi of neoteric rationalism clearly indicates that God denying traits of pre-human Jinns under different guises are in driver's seat to day. In the early phase of humanity when scientific reason was absent, tradition of demigods used to deny God by messing up religious truths with mythological fibs. Falsehood has changed its ‘face' in the very modern world where relentless myths of Darwinism deny God by claiming that living things are not the product of ‘Intelligent Design' by the unseen Creator but the product of a natural cause. But fancies of human nescience are being exposed by the findings of paleontology, biochemistry, population genetics, comparative anatomy, and biophysics that shatter the very base of Darwinism and natural laws and chance effect proposed by the theory. Now we know well that every unit of living things are governed by the ultra programmed actions of DNA, RNA……definite genetic code ordained protein synthesis to give rise to specific organs and their functions. All these are in fact clear evidences of a programming intellect that provides the information required to operate the system rather than mere happy coincidences and natural selection. A computer will only work after it has been programmed. Metallic elements in the nature, without intervention of a designer can never turn into Eiffel Tower by chance mutation and natural process. Even in cases of observed genetic mutations there remain intelligent designs. Let us reflect to the probability factor  behind the functioning of PROTEIN – that plays the pivotal role in structural and functional biology of all living cells. All organisms are built largely out of protein. Proteins, therefore, are used like bricks, and all large structures are made by assembling many similar or identical proteins in a symmetrical pattern. Our bodies have some 100,000 different proteins that are functioning constantly, each for a definite purpose. Thus we are able to possess ‘a biologically functioning body'. Human body of some 100 trillion cells is making 2000 proteins every second in every cell. A single protein is a perfectly definite sequence of amino acids joined together as chain. Thus different proteins are formed by specific sequences of amino acids whose chain links range from few dozen to thousands. Some 20 different amino acids in varying number of chain links are found to form these sequences. Amino acids are made from atoms. Thus atoms are like alphabets, the amino acids words, and the proteins are the sentences. Now if we take a modest sized protein (say ‘X') of 100 chain links by 20 amino acids, the question is – in how many different ways can 100 links of 20 amino acids be joined together? The answer is 10¹³º i.e., one followed by 130 zeros! This means that: out of these immensely huge 10¹³º different possibilities, only specific few programmed sequences are formed to make the required protein ‘X' in order to perform its ordained function. Such ultra specific precessions are evidenced in all biochemical processes of living organs. Are these hard facts of science not enough to throw light upon the mysteries of creation? Is it mere chance happenings or a 'supreme control' beyond our comprehension?
Science has confirmed that modern man carries the genetic signature of the pre-humans (which Qur'an revealed as Jinns). But neither we know about various forms of Jinns who lived terrestrially (and extra-terrestrially) for a period of time measurable in terms of millions of aeons; and nor we know exactly from when Homo sapiens sapiens has began its journey on earth. Modern science has not yet identified the Adam's lineage conclusively from the Y- chromosome study, yet science reckons a distinct human as Homo sapiens sapiens that differs from other Hominids. After God allowed Jinns to be mutually shared with wealth and children with humans (Q, 17:64) – we do not know how the present population has come after inter-breeding between Jinns and Adamites. Science could throw light upon the physical evolution of biological organs, i.e. beginning from single to multiple cells, and gradually tissues, various organs, different bodies and so on. In this respect revealed knowledge conforms to the findings of science when it says ‘God created us in phases or stages'. But it goes beyond the reach of science when Qur'an mentions Jinn and human (Insaan), one created from fire, and the other basically from earthy ingredient clay; it essentially means two different creations and their inter-mixing signifies the attuning of clay with fire. As regard an individual being, only after Soul meets the body one becomes a person with its ‘will in action'; in case of inter-breeding a person has varying degrees of Jinn and human traits which reflect in life's conducts. Biological laws of the physical organs are governed according to the Will of God, while Soul has been granted a period of freedom to exercise its own will. Science could experiment with the elements of clay but not so with the fire, it may investigate ‘Physical Organs' but not ‘Spirit' and ‘Soul'; God has not granted man the access to secrets of Soul (nafsun in Arabic) and Spirit (ruuh in Arabic); hence knowledge of evolution in revealed sense (i.e. Khalaqa or aTwar in Arabic) is beyond the limits of quiescent scripture less-science of our present age.
1. Popkin, Richard Henry (1992). Third Force in Seventeenth-Century Thought. Brill Academic Publishers. ISBN 90- 04-09324-9
2. Darwin, Charles, The Autobiography of Charles Darwin and Selected Letters (New York: Dover, 1958), p, 62.
3. Dobzhansky, Theodosius, "Evolution at Work," Science 127 May 9,1958):1092.
4. Dr. Maurice Bucaille. (2002), ‘What is the Origin of Man', trans. A.D. Pannell & Author; (IslamicBook Service)
5. ‘When coincidence Abound' by S. I. Zaheer, in ‘Young Muslim Digest' Feb, 2004
Author: After serving Govt. of India as Scientist S - I (ICAR); Hindustan Lever, Bombay, as Research Scientist; and about ten years service (1981-91) in United Arab Emirates (Al-Ain Municipality) as Senior Chemist, author took early retirement and turned to soul-searching where vertical consciousness dominates the horizontal living. For about last two decades author is contemplating on the ‘Message of God' in revealed scriptures and trying to reflect upon its aftermath based on findings of history, scientific linguistics, archaeology and science etc. In this pursuit, author sincerely tried to embrace the guidelines of authentic most Revelation with observance of regular Prayer to God. Holistic knowledge from God has a ‘rational' part knowable by all human beings since God has made them accessible through ‘rational reasoning'. However, Truth shall finally prevail transcending all human theses, antitheses, and syntheses. Finite human knowledge never can tell the last word about infinite religious truths; rather diverse human reflections to religion merely testify by degrees the relative sapience of Homo sapiens sapiens to an unseen Supreme Arbiter.
Author has published his first book: "Mysteries of religion – in the light of Divine Revelations." Published in 2009 (ISBN 978-81-910042-0-5)
The second book is going to be oublished soon:
Title of the book: ‘RELIGION IN THE MAKING OF MANKIND' (Author: Dr. P.R. Palodhi)
It focuses attention on what God reveals in Religion beyond temporal relativism of the human genius. Book proceeds by compiling the knowledge of:
1. GOD (from what GOD Himself has revealed)
2. False gods and adversaries of Prophets
3. Genesis of pre-humans and humans
4. Beginning of Civilization